Bismarck Archipelago

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Bismarck Archipelago,

volcanic island group, 19,200 sq mi (49,730 sq km), SW Pacific, a part of Papua New Guinea. The group includes New BritainNew Britain,
volcanic island (1990 pop. 315,649), c.14,600 sq mi (37,810 sq km), SW Pacific, largest island of the Bismarck Archipelago and part of Papua New Guinea, in which it forms two provinces (East and West New Britain). Rabaul is the chief town and port.
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 (the largest island), New IrelandNew Ireland,
volcanic island (1990 pop. 64,615), c.3,340 sq mi (8,650 sq km), SW Pacific, in the Bismarck Archipelago, part of Papua New Guinea. New Ireland is largely mountainous, rising to c.4,000 ft (1,220 m). Much of the island is under cultivation, especially the east coast.
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, the Admiralty IslandsAdmiralty Islands,
group of 40 volcanic islands, c.800 sq mi (2,070 sq km), SW Pacific, in the Bismarck Archipelago and part of Papua New Guinea. Lorengau, the chief port and administrative center of the group, is on Manus, the largest island.
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, the Mussau Islands, New HanoverNew Hanover
or Lavongai
, volcanic island, c.460 sq mi (1,190 sq km), in the Bismarck Archipelago, part of Papua New Guinea. New Hanover is mountainous and densely forested. Coconuts, fishing, and timber are economically important.
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, the Vitu IslandsVitu Islands
, volcanic group, 37 sq mi (96 sq km), in the Bismarck Archipelago, part of Papua New Guinea. Garove and Unea are the largest islands. The group is the chief copra center of Papua New Guinea. Formerly called the French Islands, the group is sometimes known as the Witu Islands.
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, and the Duke of York IslandsDuke of York Islands,
group of 13 coral islands, 23 sq mi (60 sq km), SW Pacific, in the Bismarck Archipelago, part of Papua New Guinea. There are several coconut plantations. Duke of York Island is the largest of the group, which was formerly called Neu Lauenburg.
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. The islands are generally mountainous and have several active volcanoes. The chief agricultural products are copra, cacao, coffee, tea, and rubber. Some copper and gold are mined. The inhabitants are mainly Melanesians.

Visited in 1616 by the Dutch explorer Willem SchoutenSchouten, Willem Cornelis
, 1567?–1625, Dutch navigator. In 1615 he sailed from Texel island, Holland, in command of an expedition whose objective was to evade the trade restrictions of the Dutch East India Company by finding a new route to the Pacific.
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, the group became a German protectorate in 1884. Seized by Australian forces in World War I, the islands were mandated to Australia by the League of Nations in 1920. Japan operated several naval and air bases in the islands during World War II. In 1947, Australia received trusteeship over the group from the United Nations, which were administered as part of the Territory of Papua and New Guinea. The archipelago was included in Papua New GuineaPapua New Guinea
, officially Independent State of Papua New Guinea, independent Commonwealth nation (2015 est. pop. 6,672,000), 183,540 sq mi (475,369 sq km), SW Pacific.
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 when it established as a self-governing country in 1973.

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Bismarck Archipelago

a group of over 200 islands in the SW Pacific, northeast of New Guinea: part of Papua New Guinea. Main islands: New Britain, New Ireland, Lavongai, and the Admiralty Islands. Chief town: Rabaul, on New Britain. Pop.: 424 000 (1995 est.). Area: 49 658 sq. km (19 173 sq. miles)
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
References in periodicals archive ?
(61) Heinz-Alfred Pohl, Bismarcks 'Einflussnahme' auf die Staatsform in Frankreich 1871-1877: Zum Problem des Stellenwerts von Pressepolitik im Rahmen der auswartigen Beziehungen (Frankfurt am Main, 1984); Allan Mitchell, The German Influence in France after 1870: The Formation of the French Republic (Chapel Hill, 1979).
While obsidians from sources in the Bismarck Archipelago (Admiralty Group and New Britain), particularly from the Kutau/Bao source flows on New Britain, were particularly widely distributed during the Lapita period, reaching as far west as Sabah, as far south as New Caledonia, and as far east as Fiji (Summerhayes 2009), other source types have more restricted known distributions.
The federal state of the Basic Law corresponds to an executive federalism as it was established (under the leadership of Otto von Bismarck) with the building of the German Reich in 1871.
Under Bismarck, the kingdom had begun a process of taking control of railways in the late 1870s, including the main railway that ran through the center of Berlin with four elevated lines, the Stadtbahn.(32) The commission's plan envisioned the city renting platforms and the interior space of the viaducts on which the rails were built.(33) A centralized, rail-based market hall network, based on the examples of London and Paris appeared as the most modern and most functional option, one that could quickly open up the Prussian countryside, even the Baltic and North Sea coasts, as sources of food for Berlin.
Schollgen and Sturmer argue that whereas Bismarck could still control a complex situation by skilfully building up a system of alliances with various other European "great" powers, German foreign policy in the age of imperialism became more aggressive in its quest for colonies.
They also told me that, when I used one of the new K2 notes with the 'clear window' insert at a Kwima store, people speculated this might be one of the Kobana (Jimi name for those living on the Kumbruf side of the Bismarck Range) notes.
The Japanese had included the invasion of the Bismarck Archipelago in their plan, developed in November 1941, as the "First Operational Stage" of the war in the Pacific.
(8.) Andreas Hillgruber, Bismarcks Aussenpolitik (Freiburg, Germany: Rombach, 1972); Bruce Waller, Bismarck at the Crossroads: The Reorientation of German Foreign Policy After the Congress of Berlin, 1878-1880 (London: Athlone Press, 1974).
Summary report on excavations at the northern end of the Solomons and the southern end of the Bismarcks. In Report of the Lapita Homeland Project, eds J.
He courted controversy with his Bismarcks and sometimes outrageous manner.
The latter wave is linked to the Lapita expansion from the Bismarcks. Of course, other migrants followed these people and with them also followed changes in trade and exchange contacts.