Bismarck Archipelago

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Bismarck Archipelago

Bismarck Archipelago, volcanic island group, 19,200 sq mi (49,730 sq km), SW Pacific, a part of Papua New Guinea. The group includes New Britain (the largest island), New Ireland, the Admiralty Islands, the Mussau Islands, New Hanover, the Vitu Islands, and the Duke of York Islands. The islands are generally mountainous and have several active volcanoes. The chief agricultural products are copra, cacao, coffee, tea, and rubber. Some copper and gold are mined. The inhabitants are mainly Melanesians.

Visited in 1616 by the Dutch explorer Willem Schouten, the group became a German protectorate in 1884. Seized by Australian forces in World War I, the islands were mandated to Australia by the League of Nations in 1920. Japan operated several naval and air bases in the islands during World War II. In 1947, Australia received trusteeship over the group from the United Nations, which were administered as part of the Territory of Papua and New Guinea. The archipelago was included in Papua New Guinea when it established as a self-governing country in 1973.

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Bismarck Archipelago

a group of over 200 islands in the SW Pacific, northeast of New Guinea: part of Papua New Guinea. Main islands: New Britain, New Ireland, Lavongai, and the Admiralty Islands. Chief town: Rabaul, on New Britain. Pop.: 424 000 (1995 est.). Area: 49 658 sq. km (19 173 sq. miles)
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
References in periodicals archive ?
(61) Heinz-Alfred Pohl, Bismarcks 'Einflussnahme' auf die Staatsform in Frankreich 1871-1877: Zum Problem des Stellenwerts von Pressepolitik im Rahmen der auswartigen Beziehungen (Frankfurt am Main, 1984); Allan Mitchell, The German Influence in France after 1870: The Formation of the French Republic (Chapel Hill, 1979).
While obsidians from sources in the Bismarck Archipelago (Admiralty Group and New Britain), particularly from the Kutau/Bao source flows on New Britain, were particularly widely distributed during the Lapita period, reaching as far west as Sabah, as far south as New Caledonia, and as far east as Fiji (Summerhayes 2009), other source types have more restricted known distributions.
The federal state of the Basic Law corresponds to an executive federalism as it was established (under the leadership of Otto von Bismarck) with the building of the German Reich in 1871.
Under Bismarck, the kingdom had begun a process of taking control of railways in the late 1870s, including the main railway that ran through the center of Berlin with four elevated lines, the Stadtbahn.(32) The commission's plan envisioned the city renting platforms and the interior space of the viaducts on which the rails were built.(33) A centralized, rail-based market hall network, based on the examples of London and Paris appeared as the most modern and most functional option, one that could quickly open up the Prussian countryside, even the Baltic and North Sea coasts, as sources of food for Berlin.
Schollgen and Sturmer argue that whereas Bismarck could still control a complex situation by skilfully building up a system of alliances with various other European "great" powers, German foreign policy in the age of imperialism became more aggressive in its quest for colonies.
They also told me that, when I used one of the new K2 notes with the 'clear window' insert at a Kwima store, people speculated this might be one of the Kobana (Jimi name for those living on the Kumbruf side of the Bismarck Range) notes.
The Japanese had included the invasion of the Bismarck Archipelago in their plan, developed in November 1941, as the "First Operational Stage" of the war in the Pacific.
(8.) Andreas Hillgruber, Bismarcks Aussenpolitik (Freiburg, Germany: Rombach, 1972); Bruce Waller, Bismarck at the Crossroads: The Reorientation of German Foreign Policy After the Congress of Berlin, 1878-1880 (London: Athlone Press, 1974).
Summary report on excavations at the northern end of the Solomons and the southern end of the Bismarcks. In Report of the Lapita Homeland Project, eds J.
He courted controversy with his Bismarcks and sometimes outrageous manner.
The latter wave is linked to the Lapita expansion from the Bismarcks. Of course, other migrants followed these people and with them also followed changes in trade and exchange contacts.