Bison Priscus

The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Bison Priscus

 

an artiodactyl animal of the family Bovidae; an extinct wild ox widely distributed during the Pleistocene in Eurasia and North America. B. priscus had a shoulder height of 1.5 to 2 m and a sacrum height of approximately 1.5 m. B. priscus differed from other oxen by its wide, short, bulging forehead and its massive spreading horns. It was an ancestor of the present-day wisents and bison. B. priscus was among the animals hunted by man in the Stone Age.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
The terrestrial faunal remains, which have largely been collected as allochthonous beach debris at Pauline Cove, are dominated by Yukon horse (Equus sp.), with fewer specimens of steppe bison (Bison priscus), proboscideans (Mammuthus primigenius and a single Mammut americanum specimen), and other large and medium-sized mammals.
Les restes de faune terrestre, qui ont surtout ete ramasses sous la forme de debris de plage allochtones a Pauline Cove, prennent la forme de restes de chevaux du Yukon en predominance (Equus sp.), parsemes de quelques specimens de bisons priscus (Bison priscus), de proboscidiens (Mammuthus primigenius et d'un seul specimen de Mammut americanum), ainsi que d'autres mammiferes de taille moyenne et de grande taille.
Age ([.sup.14]C yr BP) Lab Number Material Dated Element 46 900 [+ or -] 0 Beta 185980 Bison priscus metapodial 17 265 [+ or -] 65 OX-17070 Ovibos moschatus cranium 17 100 [+ or -] 90 Beta 185979 Same specimen as above 51 700 [+ or -] 1100 OX-17071 Ovibos moschatus vertebra modern Beta 136364 Rangifer tarandus metatarsal modern Beta 189293 Rangifer tarandus innominate 16 200 [+ or -] 150 RIDDL-765 Equus lambei 16 700 [+ or -] 200 RIDDL-766 Same specimen as above 17 490 [+ or -] 90 Beta 185981 Equus sp metacarpal 36 160 [+ or -] 530 Beta 70841 Equus sp.
Remains from large and medium-sized terrestrial mammals include specimens from typical members of the Beringian "mammoth-fauna," including woolly mammoth (Mammuthus primigenius), steppe bison (Bison priscus), horse (Equus lambei), American mastodon (Mammut americanum), caribou (Rangifer tarandus), tundra muskox (Ovibos moschatus), helmeted muskox (Bootherium bombifrons; Harington, 1989), wolf (Canis lupus), arctic fox (Vulpes lagopus), and red fox (Vulpes vulpes).
Key words: Alaska, Beringia, bison, Bison priscus, moose, archaeology, radiocarbon dating, Holocene, Pleistocene
Mots cles: Alaska, Beringie, bison, Bison priscus, orignal, archeologie, datation determinee par la methode du carbone 14, holocene, pleistocene
Bison (Bison priscus) were the most abundant large mammals in Eastern Beringia (unglaciated Alaska, Yukon and parts of adjacent Northwest Territories) from at least 100 000 until nearly 10 000 years ago.
Key words: bison, Bison priscus, Yukon Territory, Late Pleistocene, bone fracture, humans
Mots cles: bison, Bison priscus, Territoire du Yukon, pleistocene tardif, fracture osseuse, etres humains
An articulated steppe bison (Bison priscus) hind foot, including dried flesh, skin, and fur, was found on the terrain surface.