Bix Beiderbecke

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Beiderbecke, Bix

(Leon Bismarck Beiderbecke) (bī`dərbĕk), 1903–31, American jazz cornetist, pianist, and composer, b. Davenport, Iowa. Mainly self-taught, he was influenced by recordings of the Original Dixieland Jazz Band and by the music of King OliverOliver, King
(Joseph Oliver), 1885–1938, American jazz musician, b. Abend, La. Oliver began his professional career in 1904 with the Onward Brass Band. After playing with leading bands in New Orleans and establishing himself as a master cornetist, he moved to Chicago in
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, Louis ArmstrongArmstrong, Louis
(Daniel Louis Armstrong), known as "Satchmo" and "Pops," 1901–1971, American jazz trumpet virtuoso, singer, and bandleader, b. New Orleans. He learned to play the cornet in the band of the Waif's Home in New Orleans, and after playing with Kid Ory's
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, and Jimmie Noone. His cornet playing, noted for its brilliant phrasing and its clarity of tone, soon won him a reputation. A sensitive, lonely man driven by artistic ambition, he was forced to play in the large commercial bands. Unhappy and restless, he changed jobs often, drank heavily, was frequently ill, and finally died of pneumonia. His piano compositions, including In a Mist, were influenced by DebussyDebussy, Claude Achille
, 1862–1918, French composer, exponent of musical impressionism. He studied for 11 years at the Paris Conservatory, receiving its Grand Prix de Rome in 1884 for his cantata L'Enfant Prodigue.
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See C. H. Wareing and G. Garlick, Bugles for Beiderbecke (1958); biographies by B. James (1961) and R. M. Sudhalter and P. R. Evans (1974).

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Beiderbecke, (Leon) Bix

(1903–31) jazz musician; born in Davenport, Iowa. He was a cornetist, pianist, and composer whose meteoric career began in 1923 with the Wolverines and continued with Jean Goldkette, Frankie Trumbauer, Paul Whiteman, and Glen Gray. He was the first important white jazz artist. His early death from pneumonia, complicated by alcoholism, fueled his legend as the romanticized figure depicted in the novel Young Man With a Horn (1938).
The Cambridge Dictionary of American Biography, by John S. Bowman. Copyright © Cambridge University Press 1995. Reproduced with permission.
References in periodicals archive ?
After seeing the 1950 movie "Young Man With a Horn," starring Kirk Douglas as an American jazz trumpeter (based on the legendary Bix Beiderbecke), Masekela wanted to play the trumpet.
US bandleader and trombonist Tommy Dorsey was a leading figure in the big band era who played alongside cornet legend Bix Beiderbecke.
Organise comme une presentation des musiciens nes au toumant du 20e siecle et qui sont pour la plupart oublies de nos jours, ceux-ci n'en demeurent pas moins influents, pour ne pas dire des pionniers de la musique du Sud : parmi ceux-ci, on compte des bluesmen comme Charlie Patton, Blind Lemon Jefferson, Blind Blake, Blind Willie McTell, mais aussi des jazzmen tels que Louis Armstrong, Bix Beiderbecke, Earl Hines, Fats Waller.
The story was originally a novel written by Dorothy Parker 12 years earlier, which was based on the life story of pioneering jazz cornetist Bix Beiderbecke.
As for broader issues, one can agree that styles, tastes, and attitudes have changed in the last sixty years (see "When Was Postmodernism?" WLT, Spring 2001) and even agree that cool offered, In its early stages, "a fresh, new tone, more ironic and able to shift quickly from above-it-all aloofness to an almost extreme emotional sensitivity." Gioia is very good, as a music critic should be, on Lester Young's stylistic innovations and influence and on the collaboration of Miles Davis and Gil Evans--though I think he and many others are wrong about Bix Beiderbecke's playing being and lonely and inward (listen to "Sweet Sue').
Gioia names white cornetist Bix Beiderbecke as the founding father of cool Jazz while saxophonist Lester Young is credited with adding the meaning of hipness to cool.
Exteriors were shot in Iowa (Davenport, not coincidentally, is the birthplace of Avati's idol, Bix Beiderbecke) and interiors in Cinecitta.
An idiosyncratic constellation of Bix Beiderbecke's legendary jazz cornet on the cover of Private Astronomy, a CD recorded in 2003, trumpets the Beiderbeck music performed by Geoff Muldaur's Futuristic Ensemble.
One also finds that many great names in the history of American jazz and popular music, such as Bing Crosby, Tommy and Jimmy Dorsey, Jack Teagarden and Bix Beiderbecke, honed their craft as part of Whiteman's organization.
WHICH film was about the life of Bix Beiderbecke? - John Marshall, St Andrews.
He intuitively spun melodies on his trumpet with a tone critics compared to Bix Beiderbecke's, and spent his long and unbelievably uneven career relying on that gift and coasting on his remarkable early breaks.