Bizerte

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Bizerte

(bēzĕrt`), Arab. Banzart, city (1994 pop. 98,900), N Tunisia, on the Mediterranean Sea. It is an important port, strategically situated near the narrowest part of the Mediterranean. The city also has processing industries. Bizerte was founded by Phoenicians. While the French ruled Tunisia, they improved and fortified the outer harbor and deepened the channel to the Lake of Bizerte, where there are naval works and the town of Menzel Bourgiba. The White Russian fleet (1920) and the Spanish republican fleet (1939) were interned at Bizerte. It was a German base in World War II and was heavily bombed (1943) by the Allies. Tunisian insistence that France evacuate its naval installations at Bizerte led to violent confrontations in 1961; the base was turned over to Tunisia in 1963.

Bizerte

 

city in northern Tunisia, administrative center of the vilayet of Bizerte. Population, about 53,000 (1966). Industrial and transportation center and port, handling 2.4 million tons of freight in 1968; located on the Mediterranean Sea at the mouth of Lake Bizerte. Bizerte is the outer harbor for the city of Menzel-Bourguiba. There is a railroad station, an airport, an oil refinery with an annual capacity of 1 million tons, nonferrous metallurgical enterprises, and a cement industry. Since 1970 a shipyard has been under construction. Exports include iron ore, lead, cement, and olive oil and other agricultural products.

Bizerte was founded on the site of an ancient Phoenecian settlement, which later became the Roman city of Hippo Zarytus. In A.D. 698 the Arabs conquered the city, and from that time the city remained under the power of the Arab-Muslim dynasties who ruled in Tunis. (From 1535 to 1572 the city came under Spanish rule.) In the period of the French protectorate (1881–1956) Bizerte became important as the largest French naval base in North Africa. After the abolition of the protectorate over Tunisia (1956), France retained in Bizerte its naval base. In 1963, after an armed conflict between France and Tunisia in July 1961 and debates on this issue at a special session of the United Nations, the French armed forces evacuated the base in Bizerte.

G. N. UTKIN

Bizerte

, Bizerta
a port in N Tunisia, on the Mediterranean at the canalized outlet of Lake Bizerte. Pop.: 118 000 (2005 est.)
References in periodicals archive ?
Field study of metal concentrations and biomarker responses in the neogastropod, Murex trunculus, from Bizerta Lagoon (Tunisia).
com/en * Rooms at the four star Bizerta Resort in Bizerte start from pounds 70 per night, based on two people sharing a double room on a bed and breakfast basis, including taxes.
The project will help strengthen the plan of the Bizerta Regional Commission for Agricultural Development and will boost irrigation perimeters in Sejnene, created as part of a Tunisian-Japanese co-operation program with a budget of 26, 4 million dinars.
The new radio which will start broadcasting around the clock as of mid -September, will first cover the greater Tunis area, the region of Bizerta, the Cap Bon, Sousse and Sfax, before boosting its signal to cover most of Tunisia's regions.
Three wind-farms with a total capacity of 120 MW have been built in Bizerta, Jendouba and Beja.
Cuando se hizo hombre anduvo por Italia, estuvo al servicio de un futuro cardenal, recibio honrosas heridas en la batalla de Lepanto, fue parte de las expediciones a Navarino, Corfu, Bizerta y Tunez, sufrio cautiverio en Argel, quiso ir a America, anadio a su patronimico el Saavedra, fue cobrador de impuestos, sufrio lacerias y fue autor teatral y poeta aceptable.
11) Entre 1498 y 1510, los espanoles conquistaron Melilla (1497), el Penon de Velez (1508), Oran (1509), Bujia y Tripoli (1511), mientras que los avances de expansion en el area en epocas posteriores, asi como en la lucha contra el Imperio otomano, dieron lugar a las campanas de Yerba (1520, 1560), Coron (1534), Tunez (1535, 1574, 1574), Bizerta (1573-74) y Lepanto (1571) (Fanjul 15-18).
Access was also eventually negotiated for the British Mediterranean Fleet to the key French ports of Toulon and Bizerta (in Tunisia) and to Greek and Yugoslav ports--all of these ports adjacent to Italy.
46) El Consejo de Estado esta de acuerdo en apoyar esta iniciativa, como tambien se muestra favorable al plan del Marques de Santa Cruz de conquistar Bizerta, aunque pospone su ejecucion a la pacificacion de los asuntos de Italia.
Bizerta had treated Vecchio well, aside from regular German bombings.