Bizerte


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Bizerte

(bēzĕrt`), Arab. Banzart, city (1994 pop. 98,900), N Tunisia, on the Mediterranean Sea. It is an important port, strategically situated near the narrowest part of the Mediterranean. The city also has processing industries. Bizerte was founded by Phoenicians. While the French ruled Tunisia, they improved and fortified the outer harbor and deepened the channel to the Lake of Bizerte, where there are naval works and the town of Menzel Bourgiba. The White Russian fleet (1920) and the Spanish republican fleet (1939) were interned at Bizerte. It was a German base in World War II and was heavily bombed (1943) by the Allies. Tunisian insistence that France evacuate its naval installations at Bizerte led to violent confrontations in 1961; the base was turned over to Tunisia in 1963.
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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Bizerte

 

city in northern Tunisia, administrative center of the vilayet of Bizerte. Population, about 53,000 (1966). Industrial and transportation center and port, handling 2.4 million tons of freight in 1968; located on the Mediterranean Sea at the mouth of Lake Bizerte. Bizerte is the outer harbor for the city of Menzel-Bourguiba. There is a railroad station, an airport, an oil refinery with an annual capacity of 1 million tons, nonferrous metallurgical enterprises, and a cement industry. Since 1970 a shipyard has been under construction. Exports include iron ore, lead, cement, and olive oil and other agricultural products.

Bizerte was founded on the site of an ancient Phoenecian settlement, which later became the Roman city of Hippo Zarytus. In A.D. 698 the Arabs conquered the city, and from that time the city remained under the power of the Arab-Muslim dynasties who ruled in Tunis. (From 1535 to 1572 the city came under Spanish rule.) In the period of the French protectorate (1881–1956) Bizerte became important as the largest French naval base in North Africa. After the abolition of the protectorate over Tunisia (1956), France retained in Bizerte its naval base. In 1963, after an armed conflict between France and Tunisia in July 1961 and debates on this issue at a special session of the United Nations, the French armed forces evacuated the base in Bizerte.

G. N. UTKIN

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.

Bizerte

, Bizerta
a port in N Tunisia, on the Mediterranean at the canalized outlet of Lake Bizerte. Pop.: 118 000 (2005 est.)
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
References in periodicals archive ?
The governorate of Bizerte pledges to make every effort to achieve success of this important international event, which will be an opportunity to enhance the wealth of Bizerte and its economic, tourist and cultural potential, affirms Governor Mohamed Gouider.
This campaign seeks to reinforce the citizens' participation in municipal action and decision-making process, said regional co-ordinator of the observatory in Bizerte Sana Gabsi.
At the end of the meeting, France's ambassador, Olivier Poivre d'Arvor told reporters, the meeting emphasised the prospects of co-operation between the French regions and Bizerte.
Jomaa chose to launch his election campaign in Bizerte, for the symbol that represents the region in the national struggle.
Members of the delegation led by Senator Holger MEntthaus learned about development issues in the region, major projects carried out or planned by the State, and opportunities for co-operation between Bizerte and Rostock.
The city of Bizerte witnessed one of the most important battles of evacuation against the French when hundreds of Tunisians were killed in what is known as the Battle of Bizerte in July 1961.
Formed around 1000 BC, Bizerte has a dynamic history marked by numerous occupations, including settlement by the Romans, Arabs, Turks, French and the Soviets.
Par Is-Haq Mouhammad E-mail : oubazoubanyo@yahoo.fr S'agisssait-il d'une farce orchestree par des responsables du club tunisien Bizerte pour dissuader les Egyptiens de s'y rendre ou d'une decision prise pour des raisons valables, se demandent certains Cairotes a l'annonce avant-hier vendredi du maintien du match Al-Ahly-Bizerte.
Built in 1962 by Snamprogetti of the ENI group, the Bizerte refinery is owned and run by STIR.
From La Skhirra, a 5.5-km, 20-inch pipeline carries crude oil to the Bizerte refinery.