platelet

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platelet:

see blood clottingblood clotting,
process by which the blood coagulates to form solid masses, or clots. In minor injuries, small oval bodies called platelets, or thrombocytes, tend to collect and form plugs in blood vessel openings.
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The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia™ Copyright © 2013, Columbia University Press. Licensed from Columbia University Press. All rights reserved. www.cc.columbia.edu/cu/cup/
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Platelet

 

(also thrombocyte), a formed element found in the blood of vertebrate animals and man that plays an important role in blood coagulation. The platelets of vertebrate animals (except mammals) are small ovoid cells with a solid nucleus and weakly basophilic cytoplasm. In mammals, including man, platelets are anuclear bodies 2–5 µ in diameter. The platelets normally number about 250,000–350,000 per cubic mm of blood. They have granules containing serotonin and substances involved in blood coagulation, as well as mitochondria, microtubules, glycogen granules, and sometimes ribosomes. In mammals, platelets originate in the blood-forming organs when fragments of the cytoplasm of megakaryocytes separate from the megakaryocytes. The life-span of the platelets of mammals, including man, is about five to nine days.

REFERENCE

Markosian, A. A. Fiziologiia trombotsitov. Leningrad, 1970.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.

platelet

[′plāt·lət]
(histology)
(hydrology)
A small ice crystal which, when united with other such crystals, forms a layer of floating ice, especially sea ice, and serves as seed crystals for further thickening of the ice cover.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.

platelet

a minute cell occurring in the blood of vertebrates and involved in clotting of the blood
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005