Black Country

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Black Country,

highly industrialized region, historically mostly in Staffordshire but partly in Worcestershire and Warwickshire, W central England. It includes DudleyDudley,
metropolitan borough (1991 pop. 186,513), W central England. Dudley's famed iron, coal, and limestone industries began declining c.1870. Other industries include engineering works, steelworks, metallurgy, glass cutting, textiles, and leatherworking.
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, Rowley Regis (see WarleyWarley,
urban area (1991 pop. 152,455), Sandwell metropolitan district, central England. Warley is highly industrialized; its manufactures include machinery, fabricated metal products, chemicals, and electrical appliances.
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), Tipton, WalsallWalsall
, metropolitan borough (1991 pop. 177,923), W central England, in the Black Country. Iron and brass founding, limestone quarrying, and the manufacture of leather goods, small hardware, plastics, electronics, chemicals, and aircraft parts are the main industries and
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, Wednesbury, West BromwichWest Bromwich
, town, Sandwell borough, W central England. On the site of a 12th-century Benedictine priory, West Bromwich has foundries and engineering and chemical works. A technical college is there.
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, and WolverhamptonWolverhampton
, city and metropolitan borough (1991 pop. 263,501), W central England, in the Black Country. Wolverhampton is highly industrialized; products include automobiles, hardware, rayon, tires, and chemicals. St.
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. From the mid-18th to the mid-19th cent. the area's resources—coal, iron, clay, and limestone—made iron smelting and the manufacture of iron products the main industries. The black smoke from the factories is said to have given the region its name, but name most likely arose because in the region coal was at or near the surface. Since the iron and coal mines have been depleted, regional industries use iron, steel, brass, and copper from other localities to manufacture metal products. These include hardware, tubes, boilers, machinery and machine tools, home appliances, and road and rail vehicles. There are also chemical and constructional-engineering industries. The region was included (1974–86) in the metropolitan county of West MidlandsWest Midlands,
former metropolitan county, central England. Created in the 1974 local government reorganization, the county embraced the Birmingham conurbation and comprised seven metropolitan districts (metropolitan boroughs): Walsall, Wolverhampton, Dudley, Sandwell,
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Black Country

the. the formerly heavily industrialized region of central England, northwest of Birmingham
References in periodicals archive ?
The scheme, which has been agreed with local authorities and the Black Country Local Enterprise Partnership, is also predicted to regenerate brownfield sites, create 1,500 apprenticeships in manufacturing and provide support to help 2,800 unemployed people get back into work.
The Black Country Urban Forest, backed by pounds 4.
James Carver and Bill Etheridge are staging a protest against plans to create a combined Birmingham and Black Country authority.
Although the Black Country Bullet is unlikely to ever make it into production and will live only in digital form, it aims to offer a unique marketing approach to promoting an area that has a long and proud association with automotive manufacturing.
Stewart Towe, chairman of the Black Country Local Enterprise Partnership, said: "The Black Country Growth Factory will support local SMEs to overcome capacity constraints and maximize the opportunities resulting from global growth, through access to new markets and competitive supply chain opportunities, to achieve our shared objective - to grow the Black Country economy.
Chris Cooper, head of Black Country Enterprise, said: "The Black Country was built on entrepreneurship and we are delighted to be helping so many continue this tradition.
Alliance 4 The Black Country was established to bring together those within this growing and increasingly important sector to network, share best practice and encourage long-term business relationships.
The Black Country Living Museum won the Business of the Year - Large Business award.
The regeneration of Wolverhampton city centre, the Black Country Enterprise Zone and plans for 47,000 homes are among the priorities for the region.
5 million investment boost will help connect at least 95 per cent of the Black Country to super fast broadband within three years.
SUPER group Black Country Communion are to play their first date in Wales in summer.

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