Black Country

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Black Country,

highly industrialized region, historically mostly in Staffordshire but partly in Worcestershire and Warwickshire, W central England. It includes DudleyDudley,
metropolitan borough (1991 pop. 186,513), W central England. Dudley's famed iron, coal, and limestone industries began declining c.1870. Other industries include engineering works, steelworks, metallurgy, glass cutting, textiles, and leatherworking.
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, Rowley Regis (see WarleyWarley,
urban area (1991 pop. 152,455), Sandwell metropolitan district, central England. Warley is highly industrialized; its manufactures include machinery, fabricated metal products, chemicals, and electrical appliances.
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), Tipton, WalsallWalsall
, metropolitan borough (1991 pop. 177,923), W central England, in the Black Country. Iron and brass founding, limestone quarrying, and the manufacture of leather goods, small hardware, plastics, electronics, chemicals, and aircraft parts are the main industries and
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, Wednesbury, West BromwichWest Bromwich
, town, Sandwell borough, W central England. On the site of a 12th-century Benedictine priory, West Bromwich has foundries and engineering and chemical works. A technical college is there.
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, and WolverhamptonWolverhampton
, city and metropolitan borough (1991 pop. 263,501), W central England, in the Black Country. Wolverhampton is highly industrialized; products include automobiles, hardware, rayon, tires, and chemicals. St.
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. From the mid-18th to the mid-19th cent. the area's resources—coal, iron, clay, and limestone—made iron smelting and the manufacture of iron products the main industries. The black smoke from the factories is said to have given the region its name, but name most likely arose because in the region coal was at or near the surface. Since the iron and coal mines have been depleted, regional industries use iron, steel, brass, and copper from other localities to manufacture metal products. These include hardware, tubes, boilers, machinery and machine tools, home appliances, and road and rail vehicles. There are also chemical and constructional-engineering industries. The region was included (1974–86) in the metropolitan county of West MidlandsWest Midlands,
former metropolitan county, central England. Created in the 1974 local government reorganization, the county embraced the Birmingham conurbation and comprised seven metropolitan districts (metropolitan boroughs): Walsall, Wolverhampton, Dudley, Sandwell,
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The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia™ Copyright © 2013, Columbia University Press. Licensed from Columbia University Press. All rights reserved.

Black Country

the. the formerly heavily industrialized region of central England, northwest of Birmingham
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
References in periodicals archive ?
"We are thrilled to be working in partnership with Black Country Living Museum and Dudley Council for Voluntary Service, who will play an instrumental role in supporting the expansion programme." Programmes organised by Creative Black Country so far include Creative Communities and Open Access, which support community groups to experience the arts and produce their own events.
The flag's design was said to be inspired by a comment made by American diplomat Elihu Burritt, a blacksmith and lecturer who lived in Harborne,Birmingham, who described the Black Country area as "black by day and red by night".
Figures released by HM Revenue & Customs show that Birmingham and the Black Country imported PS10.9 billion worth of goods from EU countries last year - compared to only PS5.9 billion from those not in the EU.
Steve Edwards' book, many months in the making, goes on sale at Dudley's Black Country Living Museum next week.
They flew the Black Country flag in front of Parliament in advance of Black Country Day on Friday, July 14.
Named after the Midlands industrial area where both Hughes and Bonham were born and raised, Black Country Communion began rehearsing and recording tracks at Shangri-La Studios in early 2010.
Britain's friendliest open-air museum, the Black Country Living Museum, is the perfect place to visit for a day out.
Woodhouse says they `begged, borrowed but never stole' the seed money from established firms such as Cadbury Schweppes and Boots the pharmacy chain, as well as major banks and the erstwhile Black Country Development Corporation.
In this richly researched, detailed, and statistically documented investigation of Black Country elites Trainor considers such factors as the identity, aims, recruitment, background, internal cohesion, and the external interactions of local elites.
SHOPS at the Black Country Living Museum are being brought to life through a series of theatrical performances.
For the people of Dudley, Sandwell, Walsall and Wolverhampton are celebrating Black Country Day.

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