Black Finless Porpoise

The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Black Finless Porpoise


(Neomeris phocaenoides), a mammal of the family Delphinidae. The body is up to 1.6 m long; along the ridge of the spine is a narrow (3–6 cm) band of horny protuberances. The head is globe-shaped. There are up to 20 pairs of teeth in the upper and lower jaws. The body coloration is leaden black, with a lighter abdomen. The black finless porpoise lives in the warm waters of the Indian and Pacific oceans, usually not far from shore. In the waters of the USSR it is possible to encounter the animal in the Sea of Japan and near the southern Kurile Islands. As a rule, it stays in small groups (four or five) or is alone. It is found in large rivers. The basic food is small fish, shrimp, and benthic cephalopod mollusks. The animal’s commercial significance is very small.


Tomilin, A. G. Kitoobraznye. Moscow, 1957. (Zveri SSSR i prilezhashchikh stran, vol. 9.)


The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
Mentioned in ?
References in periodicals archive ?
While giving the detail of 23 perdicted animals facing extinction in Pakistan, Dr Ijaz said that these included Mountain weasel, Mountain sheep, Asian black bear, Black finless porpoise, Burrowing vole, Kashmir vole, European otter, Marbled polecat,Fishing cat, Goitered gazelle, Himalayan Musk Deer, Indian pangolin, Chinese white dolphin, Indus river dolphin, Kashmir Muskdeer, Hairy-footed gerbil, Markhor,Pallas's cat, Red deer, Sand cat, Smooth-coated otter, Wild goat.
AND ZHANG, X., 1993.Observation on group behaviour of black finless porpoise, Neophocaena phocaenoides, near the beachusing the net-surroundings in the Yangtze River.
''If the situation cannot be improved, the white-flag dolphin may be extinct within 10 years, and the black finless porpoise will also be endangered,'' Wang was quoted as saying.