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Black Forest,Ger. Schwarzwald, mountain range, SW Germany, extending 90 mi (145 km) between the Rhine and Neckar rivers. Feldberg is the highest (4,898 ft/1,493 m) peak. The range is covered by dark pine forests and cut by deep valleys and small lakes. The Danube and Neckar rivers rise there. Lumbering and woodworking are important economic activities. Orchards and cattle are found in the valleys; grains are grown in the highlands. The Black Forest is famous for its clock and toy industries (cuckoo clocks, music boxes). It is a year-round resort area, known for its winter sports and mineral springs; Baden-Baden and Freiburg are the chief cities.
(in German, Schwarzwald), a mountain massif in the southwestern part of the Federal Republic of Germany. The Black Forest extends 160 km along the right bank of the Rhine. It measures 35–60 km in width and rises to an elevation of 1,493 m at Mt. Feldberg. It is composed primarily of gneisses, granites, and sandstones. The massif falls sharply toward the Upper Rhine Lowland. The peaks are flat and dome-shaped, with rivers cutting deeply into the slopes. Oak and beech forests are found at elevations to 800 m, and spruce-fir forests grow at higher elevations. The upper zone of the Black Forest is timberless. There are mineral springs and resorts at Baden-Baden and Badenweiler.