Black Hawk War

Also found in: Wikipedia.

Black Hawk War,

conflict between the Sac and Fox and the United States in 1832. After the War of 1812, whites settling the Illinois country exerted pressure on the Native Americans. A treaty of 1804, which had no real claim to validity, provided for removal of the Sac and Fox W of the Mississippi. A Native American leader, Black Hawk (1767–1838), who was born in the Sac village near the site of present Rock Island, Ill., and who had fought for the British in the War of 1812, denounced the treaty and resisted removal. Years of intermittent skirmishing followed. In 1831 the whites used force to impose a new treaty that compelled the Native Americans to retire from their lands. In Apr., 1832, Black Hawk, with some 400 braves and their families, returned to Illinois. Not receiving the support he expected, he admitted defeat, but when one of the peaceful emissaries he sent was shot down in cold blood, the outraged Black Hawk successfully attacked a larger white force, then retired into what is now Wisconsin. A large force of volunteers was gathered under Gen. Henry AtkinsonAtkinson, Henry,
1782–1842, American army officer, b. North Carolina. After service as a colonel in the War of 1812, he was a commander in the West and led two expeditions (1819, 1825) to the Yellowstone River.
..... Click the link for more information.
. The last battle of the war took place on the Bad Axe River, where Black Hawk was attacked by these troops and a Sioux war party. Trapped, he displayed a white flag, but this was ignored and almost all of his band, including women and children, were wiped out. Black Hawk himself escaped, surrendered to the Winnebago, was turned over for imprisonment, and was released in 1833 to return to the pitiful remnant of his tribe and his family in Iowa. Lorado Taft's colossal statue (1911) near Oregon, Ill., has come to be known as the Black Hawk Monument.


See his autobiography (1833; ed. by D. Jackson, 1955); C. Cole, I Am a Man: The Indian Black Hawk (1938).

References in periodicals archive ?
They tried moving back into northwestern Illinois and western Wisconsin, leading to the unsuccessful Black Hawk War.
And he has shown his liking for Cork's turning mile - two years ago he beat Akira in this event and, 12 months ago, he proved too strong for Black Hawk War.
To understand the haphazard removal of the northern and eastern and Great Lakes tribes, another key event was the Black Hawk War of 1832.
ie Navigation Stakes 1m1/2f Listed ATR Card page 106 BLACK HAWK WAR, who made his first appearance only 12 days ago, is being kept busy by trainer Aidan O'Brien, with the three-year-old attempting to complete a hat-trick as he steps into Listed company.
In his brief volunteer service in the Black Hawk War, his most notable achievement was getting his horse stolen.
Which militia officers, comrades in the Black Hawk War (1832), later became noted adversaries?
The disease, imported from New York to Detroit during the Black Hawk War, was introduced in 1832 and soon became endemic.
The reader will learn how after Davis graduated from West Point, his service in the Black Hawk War and the Mexican War made him a hero to the nation.
He describes Sumner's life from his childhood to death, including his participation in the Black Hawk War and the Mexican War, how he established the Calvary School of Practice at Carlisle Barracks, his command in Indian territory in the southwest, how he maintained balance between warring factions in Kansas in the mid-1850s, how he led an expedition against the Cheyennes, and how he commanded Union soldiers in the Peninsula Campaign, the Maryland Campaign of 1862 (Antietam), and Fredericksburg during the Civil War.
John Stringer served in the Black Hawk War in 1832 and fought with 6,000 other men, including a young man by the name of Abraham Lincoln, our 16th President.
With only a few weeks of military experience and seeing no actual combat during the Black Hawk War, Lincoln became the nation's first modern commander-in-chief during the Civil War, transforming and enlarging the powers of the executive branch.
The Black Hawk War was named for the Sauk and Fox chief who refused to give up a portion of land allegedly ceded to the United States in 1804.