Black Hills

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Black Hills,

rugged mountains, c.6,000 sq mi (15,540 sq km), enclosed by the Belle Fourche and Cheyenne rivers, SW S.Dak. and NE Wyo., and rising c.2,500 ft (760 m) above the surrounding Great Plains; Harney Peak, 7,242 ft (2,207 m) above sea level, is the highest point in the Black Hills and in South Dakota. The mountains received their name from the heavily forested slopes that appear black from afar. Native Americans, white settlers, and railroad companies depended on wood from the Black Hills for fuel and building material. Gold was discovered in the hills in 1874 by an expedition led by Gen. George Custer, and the resulting gold rush drove out the indigenous population. White settlements grew rapidly after 1876, chiefly in such mining towns in South Dakota as Custer, Deadwood, Lead, Spearfish, and Rapid City, the largest city in the Black Hills. Gold is still mined in the area. Other important minerals found in the hills are uranium, feldspar, mica, and silver. The Black Hills are a major recreational area of the northern plains and a principal tourist spot. Most of the slopes are in two national forests. Wind Cave National Park, Jewel Cave National Monument, and Custer State Park are attractions. The 6,000 ft (1,829 m) Mt. Rushmore, with its gigantic open-air sculpture of Presidents Washington, Jefferson, Lincoln, and T. Roosevelt, is famous throughout the world (see Mount Rushmore National MemorialMount Rushmore National Memorial,
1,278 acres (518 hectares), SW S.Dak., in the Black Hills; est. 1925, dedicated 1927. There, carved on the face of the mountain and visible for 60 mi (97 km), are the enormous (60 ft/18.3 m high) heads of four U.S.
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References in periodicals archive ?
Demographics of neonatal bighorn sheep (Ovis canadensis) captured on Elk Mountain in the southern Black Hills of South Dakota and Wyoming, U.
She has been working on National Treasure: Book Of Secrets in the Black Hills of South Dakota with Nicolas Cage.
I grew up in the Black Hills of South Dakota and found an old stand where I enjoyed many enjoyable hours.
In the Black Hills of South Dakota and the Sand Hills of northwest Nebraska, Lee Enterprises Inc.
The plot of Uncommon Birth involves Dale, a young white man from the Black Hills of South Dakota who decides to postpone his studies at the University of Iowa and enlist in the military.
And, when gold was discovered in the Black Hills of South Dakota, white miners rushed to the area to stake claims.
Research was conducted in the Black Hills of South Dakota during July and August 2002 to compare invasive plant species coverage and abundance with evidence of woodpecker presence at sixty random points in three different treatment types: new burn, old burn, and unburned.
IT'S a long way from the green fields of southern Scotland to the black hills of South Dakota.
Heck, I'd had enough trouble just talking my friends into taking a graduation trip to the Black Hills of South Dakota to go camping; how was I going to get them to go as far as Montana to go elk hunting?
Proximity Analysis of Puma Sightings/Sign in the Black Hills of South Dakota with Deer/Elk Winter Study Ranges.

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