Black Mountain College


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Black Mountain College,

former coeducational liberal arts college at Black Mountain, N.C., near Asheville. Founded (1933) by John Rice, also the school's first rector (1933–40), on the progressive education principles of John DeweyDewey, John,
1859–1952, American philosopher and educator, b. Burlington, Vt., grad. Univ. of Vermont, 1879, Ph.D. Johns Hopkins, 1884. He taught at the universities of Minnesota (1888–89), Michigan (1884–88, 1889–94), and Chicago (1894–1904) and at
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, it placed a strong emphasis on the arts. The school's faculty over the years included Josef AlbersAlbers, Josef
, 1888–1976, German-American painter, printmaker, designer, and teacher, b. Bottrop, Germany. After working at the Bauhaus (1920–33), Albers and his wife, the textile designer and weaver Anni Albers, emigrated to the United States when Hitler came to
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 (rector, 1941–49) and his wife Anni, Charles OlsonOlson, Charles,
1910–70, American critic and poet, b. Worcester, Mass., grad. Harvard (B.A., 1932; M.A., 1933). His literary reputation was established with Call Me Ishmael (1947), a study of the influence of Shakespeare and other writers on Melville's Moby-Dick.
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 (rector, 1951–57), Willem and Elaine de Kooningde Kooning, Willem
, 1904–97, American painter, b. Netherlands; studied Rotterdam Academy of Fine Arts and Techniques. De Kooning immigrated to the United States, arriving as a stowaway in 1926 and settling in New York City, where he worked on the Federal Arts Project
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, Merce CunninghamCunningham, Merce
(Mercier Philip Cunningham), 1919–2009, American modern dancer and choreographer, b. Centralia, Wash. Cunningham studied modern dance with Martha Graham and ballet at Balanchine's School of American Ballet.
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, John CageCage, John,
1912–92, American composer, b. Los Angeles. A leading figure in the musical avant-garde from the late 1930s, he attended Pomona College and later studied with Arnold Schoenberg, Adolph Weiss, and Henry Cowell.
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, and R. Buckminister FullerFuller, R. Buckminster
(Richard Buckminster Fuller), 1895–1983, American architect and engineer, b. Milton, Mass. Fuller devoted his life to the invention of revolutionary technological designs aimed at solving problems of modern living.
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. The college closed in 1957.
References in periodicals archive ?
Craft galleries and quaint bistros fill the historic core, not far from Lake Eden, where intellectuals and artists once convened at the iconoclastic Black Mountain College. Here, on the so-called front porch of the mountains, you just might want to sit and stay a spell.
Albers taught not only at the Bauhaus, but also at Black Mountain College in North Carolina and finally at the Yale School of Fine Arts.
"He studied photography at Black Mountain College, [North Carolina,] with Hazel-Frieda Larsen and Aaron Siskind, who were two great American photographers of their times," foundation founder Nicola Del Roscio told The Daily Star.
Richards, associated with the experimental Black Mountain College in North Carolina and several members of the New York avant-garde and celebrated for her cult classic Centering: In Pottery, Poetry, and the Person; and Susan Peterson, who established ceramics programs at the University of Southern California and later at Hunter College in New York City, and who presented a series of educational television programs on ceramics in the 1950s.
Guests are encouraged to interact with the 40+ objects on view — paintings, works on paper, textiles, and sculpture — created by artists associated with the progressive arts enclave of Black Mountain College.
The amount of material amassed over the life of the company--founded in 1953 at Black Mountain College in North Carolina as an outgrowth of the school's fertile inter-arts experiments--is staggering: over four thousand objects and texts related to more than 150 dances and eight hundred Events, as Cunningham termed the time-based works that brought independently developed sound, visual elements, and movement into intimate and revelatory proximity on the stage.
"Tuesday History: Bringing the Old Kentucky Home to Black Mountain College." Mountain Xpress, online 3 Jan.
museum exhibition about the work of Black Mountain College, the legendary school In the Blue Ridge Mountains in North Carolina that created an experimental interdisciplinary environment for the education and production of art.
Writing in an accessible style with humor and insight, he describes his early years on a Southern plantation during the period after the Civil War, his education in England, his academic career, and his founding of Black Mountain College in North Carolina in 1933.
Art colonies such as Pond Farm near Guerneville, California, and institutions such as Black Mountain College in North Carolina and the Institute of Design at the Illinois Institute of Technology in Chicago also furthered the reach of modernism.
It would be difficult to imagine interdisciplinary studies in graduate programs in the last two decades without acknowledging the inventive pedagogy of Black Mountain College. Even though it lasted only 23 years (1933-1956) and enrolled fewer than 1,200 students, Black Mountain College is still considered one of the most progressive and experimental institutions in art education.
The Black Mountain College approach to education (Summerhill School is a parallel example in England) is discussed and some appropriate actions are suggested.