Black Panthers

(redirected from Black Panther Party)
Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Legal, Acronyms, Wikipedia.
Related to Black Panther Party: Angela Davis

Black Panthers,

U.S. African-American militant party, founded (1966) in Oakland, Calif., by Huey P. Newton and Bobby Seale. Originally aimed at armed self-defense against the local police, the party grew to espouse violent revolution as the only means of achieving black liberation. The Black Panthers called on African Americans to arm themselves for the liberation struggle. In the late 1960s party members became involved in a series of violent confrontations with the police (resulting in deaths on both sides) and in a series of court cases, some resulting from direct shoot-outs with the police and some from independent charges.

Among the most notable of the trials was that of Huey Newton for killing a policeman in 1967, which resulted in three mistrials, the last in 1971. Bobby Seale, one of the "Chicago Eight" convicted of conspiracy to violently disrupt the Democratic National Convention of 1968 (later overturned), was a codefendant in a Connecticut case charging murder of an alleged informer on the party. He was acquitted in 1971. A third major trial was of 13 Panthers in New York City accused of conspiring to bomb public places. They were also acquitted in 1971. The results of these trials were taken by many observers as confirmation of their suspicions that the Black Panthers were being subjected to extreme police harassment. Another incident that supported this view was the killing in a raid by Chicago police of Illinois party leader Fred Hampton and another Panther in 1969; review of this incident revealed that the two had been shot in their beds without any provocation.

While controversy raged over the civil liberties issue, the Panthers themselves were riven with internal disputes. A major split took place, with Newton and Seale (who in 1972 announced their intention of abandoning violent methods) on the one side and Eldridge CleaverCleaver, Eldridge
(Leroy Eldridge Cleaver), 1935–98, African-American social activist, b. Wabbaseka, Ark. Growing up in Los Angeles, he spent much of 1954–66 in prison for various crimes including rape.
..... Click the link for more information.
 (formerly the chief publicist for the party, who continued to preach violent revolution) on the other. Cleaver headed the so-called international headquarters of the party (until 1973) in Algeria. In 1974 both Seale and Newton left the party; the former resigned, and the latter fled to Cuba to avoid drug charges. During the late 1970s the party gradually lost most of its influence, ceasing to be an important force within the black community. The New Black Panther Party for Self-Defense, founded in Dallas, Tex., in 1989, is not related to the old group.


See H. Pearson, The Shadow of the Panther: Huey Newton and the Price of Black Power in America (1994); J. Bloom and W. E. Martin, Jr., Black against Empire: The History and Politics of the Black Panther Party (2013).

Black Panthers

militant black revolutionists and civil-rightists. [Am. Hist.: Flexner, 46]
References in periodicals archive ?
The Black Panther Party helped mainstream the clenched fist in American culture, especially among radical black nationalists and civil rights activists as the "Black Power salute.
Finally, The Black Panther Party emerged as a response to the continued presence and legacy of White Supremacy in the United States as it manifested within and without the local and federal government, business, and organized crime.
Seale, Bobby 1970 Seize the time: the story of the Black Panther Party and Huey P.
That was the reason the Black Panther Party for Self-Defense was named in that way.
Even though the Black Panther Party (founded in 1966) has been ferociously attacked and demonized by the news media, it still exists.
Michael Mukasey in January asked a federal judge to declare the two men caught on videotape, an associate and the New Black Panther Party in violation of the Voting Rights Act and to enjoin them and their ''agents and successors'' from blocking polling places dressed in uniforms or carrying weapons.
Seale was chairman of the party; Newton, minister of defence; Eldridge Cleaver, minister of information; Stokely Carmichael, prime minister; and Emory Douglas, who first volunteered his services in 1967 as an artist for the Black Panther Party, working on its official paper, duly became the Black Panthers' first and only minister of culture.
In October 1966, Huey Newton and Bobby Seale founded the Black Panther Party for Self-Defense.
It formed in March of 1966 before Carmichael popularized the "Black Power'' slogan in Mississippi in June and before the Black Panther Party was organized in October.
Keeling explains why a surprisingly large number of women joined the Black Panther Party in the wake of those shocking images of hypermasculine behavior, a departure from a tradition of stereotyped American images of "blacks" based in slavery and revolt.
His involvement in the Unemployment Poverty Action Committee, the Congress on Racial Equality, the NAACP and the Black Panther Party is also documented in the historical artifacts.
Just two years after its formation in 1967, the LAPD's SWAT team drew attention worldwide when it engaged in a fierce, four-hour shootout with members of the Black Panther Party.