Black Shirts

Black Shirts,

colloquial term originally used to refer to the members of the Fasci di combattimento, units of the Fascist organization founded in Italy in Mar., 1919, by Benito MussoliniMussolini, Benito
, 1883–1945, Italian dictator and leader of the Fascist movement. Early Career

His father, an ardent Socialist, was a blacksmith; his mother was a teacher.
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. A black shirt was the most distinctive part of their uniform. The Black Shirts were mainly discontented ex-soldiers. Ultranationalist, they posed as champions of law and order and violently attacked Communists, socialists, and other radical and progressive groups. They broke up strikes, destroyed trade union headquarters, and drove socialist and Communist officials from office. In Oct., 1922, their activities culminated in the famous march on Rome, which brought Mussolini to power. Afterward, while the term "Black Shirts" continued to be used to refer to party militants in general, the name Fasci di combattimento designated the local party units.
References in classic literature ?
Very good people indeed, you will notice, dress altogether in black, even to gloves and neckties, and they will probably take to black shirts before long.
Black shirts sold out across textile shops in Kerala as students, including girls, dressed up in black shirts and mundu for Onam merriment on campuses.
Macedonia expects Brussels to condemn "Golden Dawn" which is not a marginalized neo-Nazi association of people in black shirts but a parliamentary party, which, according to recent polls, has a rating of 13 percent, Ivana Kostovska comments for Dnevnik.
The black shirts banked on Suleiman Braimoh and Davidson's efforts in the remainder of the period as they inched closer, 50-43, as the game went to the final 10 minutes.
The following season they wore black and white tops and in 1878 they bought a set of black shirts emblazoned with the Scottish lion rampant.
He urged Hezbollah to stop acting in the mentality of black shirts rather than act as full partners.
The Ferencvaros players wore special black shirts and supporters hung out a giant banner on the terraces saying "God shall be with you Emperor.
A POLICE force facing huge budget cuts has splashed out pounds 100,000 on black shirts - because officers prefer them to standard-issue white ones.
In the sun, black shirts will absorb more heat and make them even more uncomfortable.
He's ditching his trademark black shirts and said: "My own resolution is that I'm going to try to be more adventurous with my own clothes and ditch black.
Bosses in Hampshire are considering kitting out officers with high-tech black shirts that are lightweight, "breathable and draw moisture away from the skin".
I was surprised to find Black Shirts supporting the British Army against Hitler, but he and two other Black Shirt supporters went to Dunkirk on May 29-30, 1940," says Hugh.