Black Sox scandal


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Black Sox scandal,

episode in which eight members of the Chicago White Sox, the American League champions, were banned from baseball in 1921 for having conspired with gamblers to throw the 1919 World Series to the Cincinnati Reds. The best-known of the "Black Sox" was Shoeless Joe JacksonJackson, Shoeless Joe
(Joseph Jefferson Jackson), 1887–1951, American baseball player, b. Brandon Mills, S.C. Holder of the third highest (.356) career batting average in major league history, Jackson was banned from baseball in 1921 for his part in the 1919 Black Sox
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. Because of the scandal, baseball club owners appointed Judge Kenesaw M. LandisLandis, Kenesaw Mountain
, 1866–1944, American jurist and commissioner of baseball (1921–44), b. Millville, Butler co., Ohio, grad. Union College of Law (now Northwestern Univ. law school), 1891.
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 as commissioner of baseball to clean up the sport. The immense, rising popularity of Babe RuthRuth, Babe
(George Herman Ruth), 1895–1948, American baseball player, considered by many the greatest of all baseball players, b. Baltimore. Early Life

When he was seven years old his parents placed him in St.
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 is thought to have counteracted the damage done to professional baseball by the Black Sox.
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Black Sox Scandal

star white Sox players sold out to gamblers (1919). [Am. Sports: Turkin, 478]
See: Bribery

Black Sox Scandal

Chicago White Sox baseball players accused of taking bribes to lose the 1919 World Series. [Sports: EB, II: 66]
See: Scandal
Allusions—Cultural, Literary, Biblical, and Historical: A Thematic Dictionary. Copyright 2008 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
NPR recently aired a commentary on the 100th anniversary of the Black Sox scandal. In 1919, eight players on the Chicago White Sox, including Shoeless Joe Jackson, fixed the World Series against the Cincinnati Reds and were subsequently banned from baseball for life.
The text below examines the evolution of Joe Jackson's public statements on the Black Sox scandal. A forensic examination of those statements follows.
22 ____Men Out was a film about the Black Sox scandal
And Jackson ended up caught in the Black Sox Scandal for fixing 1919 World Series and Major League Baseball's first commissioner officially banned Jackson and seven other players from playing who were found guilty.
While not perfect by a long shot--the Black Sox scandal will be 100 next year, the Major League Baseball strike of 1994 was a major letdown, and the performance-enhancing drug abuse of a few years ago is still a cloud--baseball, the game itself, can be transcendental.
Given the mountain of mythology, paired with the incomplete historical evidence and self-interested disinformation surrounding the Black Sox Scandal, Charles Fountain's attempt to divine the truth of the fixing of the 1919 World Series in The Betrayal: The 1919 World Series and the Birth of Modern Baseball is a daunting task.
63-66), which weighs in with nine, including two involving Babe Ruth and three concerning the Black Sox scandal.
Three appendices give the reader a list of lawyers involved with baseball, a Black Sox scandal chronology, and a selective Black Sox bibliography.
Public Library asking for books about the Black Sox Scandal, begging the
Twenty years ago, baseball was in a trough more dangerous than the one into which it tumbled during the Black Sox scandal, when some White Sox players colluded with gamblers to lose the 1919 World Series.
Two of baseball's elite hitters, Eddie Collins and Shoeless Joe Jackson, helped the White Sox to be consistently at or near the top of the league in runs, batting average, and slugging percentage between 1916 and 1920--the tarnished golden era in Chicago White Sox history--during which they finished second, two games shy in 1916; won the 1917 World Series; tanked the following year on account of key players serving in defense industries during World War I; won the 1919 American League pennant, only to have eight of their players conspire to lose the World Series; and might have won the 1920 pennant as well had not the Black Sox scandal broken with just days left in the season.
The films Eight Men Out, Field of Dreams, and Ken Burns's Baseball have brought the story of the Black Sox scandal to a wider audience of baseball fans, capturing the public imagination like few other chapters of baseball history.