Black Woodpecker


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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Black Woodpecker

 

(Dryocopus martius), a bird of the family Picidae. Approximately the size of a crow (up to 50 cm in length), the black woodpecker has black plumage and a red head. Its straight, brightly colored bill is powerful and has a chisel-shaped point. A sedentary species, the black woodpecker nests in tree hollows that it gouges out itself. There are three to five glossy, white-shelled eggs in a clutch. The bird inhabits the coniferous forests of Europe and Asia. It obtains its food (insects and their larvae) by hollowing out the bark and wood of trees, particularly of tree stumps. The bird is useful since it destroys insects that are forest pests. However, in their search for large ants (Camponotus) that live in the rotting heartwood of tree trunks, black woodpeckers sometimes damage fresh spruce timber by gouging out deep holes.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Heart rot as a key factor for cavity tree selection in the Black Woodpecker. Forest Ecology and Management 271:98-103.
I saw none, but great and clean-cut circular holes in the trunks of dead and dying trees may have been hewn by Europe's largest woodpecker, the Black Woodpecker. That too evaded me.
The mountain slopes and high woodlands also hold other species which aren't present in the UK, such as citril finch, alpine accentor, black woodpecker and alpine chough.
Color deviations in the Black Woodpecker (Dryocopus martius).
A modest mess compared to the wreckage left by the larger, more impressive black woodpecker of the continent - when they attack a tree it looks like they've used a chainsaw and/or dynamite.