According to Jackson, Ellison came to resent not only the Communists' downplaying of black equality
in the 1940s, but also the condescending attitude of New Masses editors toward black expressive art forms such as the blues.
Honey's first book, Southern Labor and Black Civil Rights, definitely reflected this view.(3) But after listening to Clarence Coe, George Holloway, and other black union activists, he has begun to see as much continuity as discontinuity in the struggle for black equality
on the job and in the unions.
For Jews, the parallels between the African-American and European Jewish experience created a special concern for black equality
. Meanwhile, while black communities held traditional anti-Semitic attitudes, many African-Americans perceived Jews as less prejudiced than other whites.
A few examples: Claybourne Carson, In Struggle: SNCC and the Black Awakening of the 1960s (New York, 1981); Doug McAdam, Freedom Summer (Oxford, 1988); David Garrow, Bearing the Cross: Martin Luther King and the Southern Christian Leadership Conference, 1955-1968 (New York, 1986); Harvard Sitkoff, The Struggle for Black Equality
, 1954-1992 (New York, 1992); Vicki L.
"Bright Like a Sun" is the title of the third hour, moving from the Depression through World War II and the emergence of such breakthrough performers as Paul Robeson (who used his clout and fame to right for black equality
) and the arrival on the scene of breakthrough jazz greats like Dizzy Gillespie and Charlie Parker.
Although the conference was in part a retrospective on Brown, many of the essays focus on the last twenty years and the difficulties that have been encountered in using traditional legal and political approaches to facilitate black equality
. While the authors believe that the courts and the Constitution continue to offer the main avenue of hope for African Americans, they remain deeply pessimistic about the chances for progress.
Returning to Berkeley after their Mississippi summer, some of the people who were soon to become leaders of the FSM began applying to the university perspectives and tactics they'd learned in the crusade for black equality
. As the story reports, they began to confront the university administration over its restrictions on their political activism.
It was while in the Nation of Islam that Malcolm Little became Malcolm X, one of the most brilliant spokesmen for Black equality
Using Clarksdale, Mississippi, as a case study, Hamlin examines how the civil rights movement unfolded at the grassroots level, shedding light on the tensions and fissures that undergirded what is typically characterized as a cohesive national effort to secure black equality
. Utilizing self-conducted oral histories, newspaper accounts, and countless manuscript collections, Hamlin constructs a work that artfully rejects the "King-driven narrative ...
Our Minds on Freedom, Women and the Struggle for Black Equality
in Louisiana, 1924-1967.
Muriel Snowden came of age as a community organizer during a period in which moderate activists sought to link black equality
with successful attempts at democracy at home and abroad.
To the lawyers who litigated Brown and to the Supreme Court justices who cited Myrdal to support their ruling against racial segregation, An American Dilemma was a landmark in the national struggle for black equality
. But Sugrue believes that changing the focus from black economic advancement to whites' "hearts and minds" actually harmed African Americans' real interests, especially when schools and housing--the North's epicenters of racial inequality--took center stage in the early 1960s.