Black-Backed Caspian Herring

The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Black-Backed Caspian Herring

 

(Alosa kessleri kessleri), a fish of the family Clupeidae. It is found in the Caspian Sea; it goes up the Volga to spawn. Length, 52 cm; weight, up to 2 kg (the largest of the Volga herrings). During spawning it splashes forcefully in the water (hence the Russian name beshenka, “crazy or frenzied one”). It is a valuable commercial fish; its numbers have been decreased sharply because of destruction of its reproduction conditions, caused by the construction of several hydroelectric works.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.