Blegen, Carl

Blegen, Carl (William)

(1887–1971) archaeologist; born in Minneapolis, Minn. He was educated at the University of Minnesota (B.A. 1907) and Yale (Ph.D. 1920). He taught at the University of Cincinnati (1927–57), where he was an emeritus (1957–71). He was director of the American School of Classical Studies during the difficult years of 1948–49. His major excavations included Troy and Acrocorinth, but he is best known for his discovery of the Palace of Nestor at Pylos, with its many Linear B tablets, in the Peloponnese (1939). His Troy and the Trojans (1963), although dated, remains a good introduction to the subject. He is buried in Athens.
The Cambridge Dictionary of American Biography, by John S. Bowman. Copyright © Cambridge University Press 1995. Reproduced with permission.
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Blegen, Carl


Born Jan. 27, 1887, in Minneapolis. American archaeologist; specialist in the study of the Aegean culture.

Blegen excavated primarily in the vicinity of Corinth (1920’s), at Troy (1930’s), and at Pylos (since 1952). His work in Corinth and Troy had great significance for establishing the stratigraphy and chronology of the Aegean culture, particularly the Helladic culture. His excavation at Pylos unearthed a palace in which numerous tablets were found with texts written in the so-called linear B script. These texts served as an incentive for deciphering the Mycenaean written language.


Korakou: A Prehistoric Settlement Near Corinth. Boston-New York, 1921.
Corinth: Results of Excavations Conducted by the American School of Classical Studies at Athens, vol. 3, part 1. Cambridge, 1930.
Prosymna: The Helladic Settlement Preceding the Argive Heraeum, vol. 2. London, 1937.
Troy, vols. 1–4. Princeton, N. J., 1950–58.
The Palace of Nestor at Pylos in Western Messenia. Princeton, N. J., 1966. (With M. Rawson.)
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.