Blepharitis


Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Medical, Wikipedia.
Related to Blepharitis: trachoma

blepharitis

[‚blef·ə′rīd·əs]
(medicine)
Inflammation of the eyelids.

Blepharitis

 

inflammation of the edges of the eyelids.

Blepharitis is a very common, often prolonged, and intractable disease. It often occurs in undernourished persons; in children, in association with tubercular and allergic diseases and metabolic disturbances; and in persons suffering from hyperopia and astigmatism of the eyes. Unfavorable external conditions (dust, wind, and smoke) promote the development of blepharitis. It is classified as simple (or scaly) blepharitis, ulcerative blepharitis, angular blepharitis (from the Latin angulus, corner, in which only the corners of the eyes are affected—a complication of conjunctivitis caused by diplobacilli), and blepharitis associated with increased secretion of the Meibomian glands located along the edges of the eyelids.

Simple blepharitis is characterized by reddening and swelling of the edges of the eyelids and formation of whitish scales resembling dandruff at the base of the eyelashes. When these scales are removed, pink skin is exposed. In ulcerative blepharitis, rather thick incrustations are formed along the margins of the lids; when they are removed, small, bleeding, purulent ulcers are exposed. Growth of the eyelashes may be disturbed by ulcerative blepharitis (the lashes grow to one side of the eyeball and fall out), and the edges of the eyelids thicken. The development of blepharitis is usually accompanied by itching of the lids, photophobia, and rapid eye fatigue at work. Treatment involves the removal of the basic cause of blepharitis. Locally, the edges of the eyelids may be treated with astringent and disinfectant medications and so forth.

REFERENCES

Mnogotomnoe rukovodstvo po glaznym bolezniam, vol. 2, book 1. Moscow, 1960. Page 27.

M. L. KRASNOV

References in periodicals archive ?
Blepharitis is often a chronic condition that is difficult to treat.
Conjunctivitis may be either primary or secondary to other ocular diseases including primary keratitis, periocular diseases, keratitis, orbital disease, blepharitis, keratoconjunctivitis, uveitis and glaucoma (Maggs et al.
If you are diagnosed with chronic blepharitis, eyelid hygiene is the cornerstone of treatment for most cases which could include over-thecounter lid scrubs or other recommended cleansing products.
The report reviews key players involved in the therapeutics development for Blepharitis and enlists all their major and minor projects
Coverage of the Blepharitis pipeline on the basis of route of administration and molecule type.
Conclusion: Chronic blepharitis is usually symptomatic, mostly mild in severity and anterior in location.
Based on her presentation-blepharitis with cylindrical dandruff, refractory to medical trials with standard agents, and a history of sleeping next to her dogs, a presumptive diagnosis of blepharitis due to ocular demodicosis (infestation with the mite demodex follicularum) was made.
37fold more likely to experience significant improvement in their blepharitis than patients on pimecrolimus and 2.
The blepharitis response rate was 90% in tacrolimus-treated patients, 79% with pimecrolimus, and 88% in the handful of patients on topical steroids.
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to compare the tear properties between the eyes with chronic blepharitis and normal eyes.
Incidence of Demodex folliculorum on the eyelash follicle in normal people and in blepharitis patients.
InSite Vision has selected Quintiles to manage the DOUBle Phase III trial of AzaSite Plus and DexaSite for the treatment of blepharitis.