Beatitudes

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Beatitudes

(bē-ăt`ĭto͞odz') [Lat.,=blessing], in the Gospel of St. Matthew, eight blessings uttered by Jesus at the opening of the Sermon on the Mount. Some, counting verses differently, say there are nine. In a parallel passage in the Gospel of St. Luke, only four of the blessings appear, with four corresponding woes.
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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Beatitudes

 

New Testament precepts of moral and social character ascribed to Jesus Christ by Christian tradition and invested with divine authority (The Sermon on the Mount in Matthew, ch. 5, and Luke, ch. 6). They define which people may hope for beatification because of their social and moral condition (“Blessed are the poor in spirit, for theirs is the kingdom of heaven”). They also call on those in want to be humble and submissive (“Do not resist one who is evil”). Societies with antagonistic class conditions use the Beatitudes to strengthen the system based on exploitation.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
1) Blessed are the poor in spirit, for theirs is the kingdom of heaven.
He began to teach them, saying: "Blessed are the poor in spirit, for theirs is the Kingdom of heaven.
"Blessed are the poor in spirit" - gather them, "for theirs is the kingdom of heaven." Only those who are "poor in spirit" freely receive and freely offer Christ, as they alone are truly free.
JESUS said: "Blessed are the poor in spirit, for the Kingdom of Heaven is theirs'' (Matthew 5:3).
"Blessed are the poor in spirit," are words that stayed with me and which gave me comfort in a time when my spirit was indeed poor and broken.
Especially revealing the meaning and essence of Matthew's Gospel, Spirituality Of The Beatitudes reveals in depth the philosophies and some contradicting opinions concerning the classic and well-known refrains, "Blessed are the poor in spirit" (notes point out that Matthew was exceptional in his conviction that doing good works led those of wavering or little faith to salvation); "Blessed are the nonviolent; they will inherit the Earth"; "Blessed are the peacemakers; they will be called the children of God" and more.
Christ's beatitudes, declarations of what is blessed, said: "Blessed are the poor in spirit for theirs is the Kingdom of God," and "Blessed are the meek for they will inherit the earth."
A sample text is Jesus' first beatitude: "Blessed are the poor in spirit" (Mt 5:3).
Blessed are the poor in spirit: for theirs is the kingdom of Heaven; Blessed are the meek for they shall be comforted.
He praised the poor when he uttered this unsettling challenge to all who want to be his followers: "Blessed are the poor in spirit, for theirs is the kingdom of heaven"[8].
JESUS said: 'Blessed are the poor in spirit, for the Kingdom of Heaven is theirs'' (Matthew 5:3).