Born Oct. 23, 1905, in Zürich. American physicist and member of the National Academy of Sciences of the USA (1948).
Bloch studied at the Higher Technical School in Zürich and at the University of Leipzig. He has held the Chair of Theoretical Physics at Stanford University (California) since 1934. He worked at the Los Alamos Laboratory from 1942 to 1945.
Bloch is the founder of contemporary methods of solid-state physics. He laid the foundations of the quantum theory of crystals (the zone theory), and of low-temperature ferromagnetism. He developed the fundamentals of the theory and carried out the first experiments in the investigation of nuclear magnetic resonance (Nobel Prize, 1952). Bloch was the first to introduce the concept of spin waves.
REFERENCES“Quantenmechanik der Elektronen in Kristallgittern.” Zeitschrift für Physik, 1928, vol. 52, no. 7.
In Russian translation:
Molekuliarnaia teoriia magnetizma. Leningrad-Moscow, 1936.