Blondel de Nesle


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Blondel de Nesle

(blŭn`dəl də nĕl, Fr. blôNdĕl` də nĕl), fl. late 12th cent., French troubadour, a favorite of Richard IRichard I,
 Richard Cœur de Lion
, or Richard Lion-Heart,
1157–99, king of England (1189–99); third son of Henry II and Eleanor of Aquitaine.
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 of England. Legend relates that after Richard was captured and imprisoned by Leopold V of Austria in 1193, Blondel wandered through Germany, singing a song known only to him and his lost master, until Richard answered from his prison. Blondel was then able to tell the English where Richard was held captive.
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Most of the trouveres who were regarded as major figures by the time of the Chansonnier d'Arras (illus.1) are well known to musicological research, but this only accounts for a handful of individuals, albeit very significant ones: Gace Brule, Blondel de Nesle, the Chastelain de Couci, Conon de Bethune, Thibaut de Navarre, Adam de la Halle and perhaps one or two others.(13) By my count, New Grove has individual entries for 73 trouveres, but this impressive number, more than we have any right to expect in a work of reference, encompasses about a third of the total.
The most recent example is probably L'oeuvre lyrique de Blondel de Nesle: textes, ed.