bacteremia

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bacteremia:

see septicemiasepticemia
, invasion of the bloodstream by virulent bacteria that multiply and discharge their toxic products. The disorder, which is serious and sometimes fatal, is commonly known as blood poisoning.
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Bacteremia

 

the presence of bacteria in the blood. Bacteria enter the blood of man and animals through injuries of the skin and mucous membranes, and also when there are pathological changes in the lymph nodes, vascular system, and so on. Bacteremia accompanies many infectious diseases, such as leptospirosis, typhus, relapsing fever, and tularemia; it is especially characteristic of intestinal infections—typhoid, paratyphoid, and other salmonelloses; brucellosis, and others—in which it causes generalization of the pathologic process. Bacteremia is most intensely expressed during the acute (generalized) period of a disease. Bacteremia develops under the action of medium and large doses of ionizing radiation as a result of disruption of natural immunity. There is a decrease in the production of antibodies, a decrease in the number of leukocytes and of their phagocytic activity, and also changes in the permeability of tissue barriers and a number of other factors. Bacteremia is a characteristic complication of radiation sickness. As the organism overwhelms the disease (activation of the phagocytic function of the leukocytes, accumulation of antibodies, and so on), bacteremia decreases to the point of complete disappearance.

bacteremia

[′bak·tə′rē·mē·ə]
(medicine)
Presence of bacteria in the blood.
References in periodicals archive ?
We analyzed the effect of gender, site of catheter insertion and etiology of end stage renal disease on exit site, tunnel and blood stream infections. The results showed that the differences in the male and female population were statistically significant for exit site infections (p-value: 0.025) (table-IV).
The study "Using the Agile Implementation Model to Reduce Central Line-associated Blood Stream Infections" will be published in an upcoming print issue of the American Journal of Infection Control.
Out of these twenty cases were hospital acquired blood stream infections. Average attack rates of HAI and hospital acquired blood stream infection were 2.76% and 1.93% respectively .Incidence of HAI/1000 patient days was 5.57 with BSI rate of 12.74.
In this study, we developed DM methods to predict central line-associated blood stream infections (CLABSI).
In summary, this pilot study investigated a modified rapid direct identification protocol for positive blood cultures and confirmed it is a promising approach to reduce laboratory turnaround time and consequently to improve blood stream infection management.
The bacteria can cause many types of illnesses, including pneumonia (infection of the lungs), ear infections, sinus infections, meningitis and bacteremia (blood stream infection).
Central line associated Blood stream Infection (CLABSI), Ventilator Associated Pneumonia (VAP), Surgical site infection (SSI) and Catheter associated urinary tract infection (CAUTI) represent 75% of all HAI (1).
Table--1: Site wise Distribution of MRSA Isolates Site Total MRSA % Skin and Soft Tissue infection 110 72.37 Blood stream Infection 27 17.76 Respiratory tract Infection 7 4.61 CSF 4 2.63 Others 4 2.63 Total 152 100 Table--2: MIC of Oxacillin for MRSA Isolates MIC value No.
The diagnosis of nosocomial blood stream infection was made by clinical findings, laboratory findings, and hemoculture.
albicans causes the third most common fungal blood stream infection in the United States.
A child was hospitalized at a Lane County hospital earlier this week with a case of meningococcemia, defined as a blood stream infection prompted by the bacteria Neisseria meningitidis, according to Lane County Public Health.