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formalized private warfare, especially between family groups. The blood feud (see vendettavendetta
[Ital.,=vengeance], feud between members of two kinship groups to avenge a wrong done to a relative. Although the term originated in Corsica, the custom has also been practiced in other parts of Italy, in other European countries, and among the Arabs.
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) is characteristic of those societies in which a strong central government either has not arisen or has decayed. In modern times the feud, outlawed in most countries, has persisted where public justice cannot be easily enforced and private means are a simpler recourse. A famous example is the 19th-century feud of the Hatfields and McCoys in the mountain regions of the southern United States. The frontier in U.S. history was also characterized by private justice and the feud.


See Waller, A. L., Feud: Hatfields, McCoys, and Social Change in Appalachia, 1860–1900 (1988).


relations of continuing mutual hostility between groups where one group has been wronged by the other (e.g. one of its number has been murdered) and retribution is sought. Usually different LINEAGE groups or clans are involved. Feuding relationships occur in situations of kin solidarity, in which an individual can rely on support from relatives. They occur particularly in societies (e.g. SEGMENTARY SOCIETIES) which lack central political or legal authority, but where the fear of being involved in a feud acts as a major deterrent against wrongdoing. A retaliatory killing may end a feud, but other resolutions, such as the payment of compensation, may also bring it to an end.


, feod
Feudal law land held in return for service
References in periodicals archive ?
The role of women in La leyenda de los siete infantes de Lara, (The Legend of the Seven Infantes of Lara) The Nibelungenlied and Njal's Saga is markedly different since women take on a very active role in exacting blood vengeance as is commonplace within Germanic law and society.
Blood vengeance was exacted when a person's honor was tarnished and had its basis in Germanic law.
Our later research was on the implications to professional helping activity of blood vengeance (the retribution of one tribe/hamula towards another) (Al-Krenawi & Graham, 1999b), divorce (Al-Krenawi & Graham, 1998), and polygamous family structures (A-Krenawi, Graham, & Al-Krenawi, 1997).
In order to demonstrate the many codings of blood vengeance in the saga, I will begin with the facts that most critics have noted: first, violence is a male prerogative and duty, and heroic masculinity is performative, especially in the older mythic sagas, such as Volssungassaga.
Kinship lost one of its primary functions in Cherokee life in 1810 when the seven Cherokee clans met to consider the issue of blood vengeance and took the first steps toward abolishing it.
Yet despite Abner's later reconciliation with David and his role in helping to reunify the kingdom under David, the biblical narrative emphasizes that Joab killed his counterpart Abner covertly, and specifically in order to satisfy the requirements of blood vengeance.
Blood vengeance apparently raises the social status and reproductive success of Yanomamo warriors, who represent nearly half of the men in the tribe, Chagnon maintains.
There is not, there has not been, and there never will be an exact blood vengeance.
TEKKEN BLOOD VENGEANCE in 3D , a special digital cinema event presented in RealD[TM] 3D based on the videogame Tekken, will storm into movie theaters for one night, Tuesday, July 26, at 7:30 p.
Using maps, photos and the words of surviving gang members, "Made in America" presents a portrait of a city section gone crazy with blood vengeance.
Under is Capstone label, recent releases include the spell-binding 3D action/role playing game WITCHAVEN II: BLOOD VENGEANCE, the acclaimed CHRONOMASTER by best-selling author Roger Zelazny, and William Shatner's TEKWAR.
H's anger at this "scandalous" state of affairs is heightened by sightings of his stepfather's ghost (Ricky Marshall), which urges him toward blood vengeance.