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formalized private warfare, especially between family groups. The blood feud (see vendettavendetta
[Ital.,=vengeance], feud between members of two kinship groups to avenge a wrong done to a relative. Although the term originated in Corsica, the custom has also been practiced in other parts of Italy, in other European countries, and among the Arabs.
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) is characteristic of those societies in which a strong central government either has not arisen or has decayed. In modern times the feud, outlawed in most countries, has persisted where public justice cannot be easily enforced and private means are a simpler recourse. A famous example is the 19th-century feud of the Hatfields and McCoys in the mountain regions of the southern United States. The frontier in U.S. history was also characterized by private justice and the feud.


See Waller, A. L., Feud: Hatfields, McCoys, and Social Change in Appalachia, 1860–1900 (1988).

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relations of continuing mutual hostility between groups where one group has been wronged by the other (e.g. one of its number has been murdered) and retribution is sought. Usually different LINEAGE groups or clans are involved. Feuding relationships occur in situations of kin solidarity, in which an individual can rely on support from relatives. They occur particularly in societies (e.g. SEGMENTARY SOCIETIES) which lack central political or legal authority, but where the fear of being involved in a feud acts as a major deterrent against wrongdoing. A retaliatory killing may end a feud, but other resolutions, such as the payment of compensation, may also bring it to an end.
Collins Dictionary of Sociology, 3rd ed. © HarperCollins Publishers 2000


, feod
Feudal law land held in return for service
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
References in periodicals archive ?
"Now there are multiple (projects) targeting international audiences, especially 'Tekken: Blood Vengeance' and 'Harlock.'" Toei Animation producer Yoshi Ikezawa say that Europe, as well as Japan, are key markets for "Harlock." France in particular has a large fan base for anime.
Research among the Afghans who live in the foothills and mountain valleys documents the prevalence of blood vengeance and death enmity'.
This absence of violence becomes apparent when these theological narratives are read against the Enuma Elish, in which the creation of heavens and earth and people on them are the products of random violence of the gods and of blood vengeance. The rejection of violence in the rule of the God of Israel (30) is visible in Yoder's description of the imperative of Jeremiah which is reflected in Jesus the Jewish pacifist.
Following a review of the primary sources La leyenda de los siete infantes de Lara, The Nibelungenlied and Njal's Saga the role of women and their role in exacting blood vengeance within a medieval context will be compared.
Polygamy and blood vengeance are excellent examples of culturally embedded practices for which social work theory and methods had, until recently, little to say.
The monster woman who insists on blood vengeance, producing the bloody clothes as the literal embodiment of the lost thing, forces the reluctant man to remember his blood relatives, to face death, and thus return to the state of the Imaginary as the source of that fear and desire.
Long after the enactment of national laws against blood vengeance, missionary Daniel Butrick reported that the perpetrator of an assault "was now gone to avoid the revenging brother."(19) When Noochorwee of Aquohee received a reprieve from his death sentence for murder in 1829, the council felt compelled to place him "under the protection of the laws of this Nation," presumably because the victim's relatives presented a genuine threat to his life.(20) The perpetuation of blood vengeance, as well as other traditional practices which the council had attempted to eliminate, is difficult to document except by the almost total absence of violations in the judicial record.
And yet, the vengeful violence that David required of Solomon would also inevitably have the practical effect of contributing to a fulfillment of Nathan's curse upon the house of David, staining as it would from the very start Solomon's reign with injustice, through pursuing clan-based blood vengeance without any sanction from Yahweh, and killing a man whose curses David had not only earlier recognized as just, but whom David had also taken a public oath against harming.
Blood vengeance apparently raises the social status and reproductive success of Yanomamo warriors, who represent nearly half of the men in the tribe, Chagnon maintains.
There is not, there has not been, and there never will be an exact blood vengeance. We will never know what eye was torn out for what eye; we will never know how many eyes have been torn out for how many eyes.