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see jazzjazz,
the most significant form of musical expression of African-American culture and arguably the most outstanding contribution the United States has made to the art of music. Origins of Jazz

Jazz developed in the latter part of the 19th cent.
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(English; abbreviation of “blue devils”—despondency, melancholy, sadness), solo lyrical song of American Negroes from the banks of the Mississippi.

The blues have been known since the late 19th century; they usually embody a lament for lost happiness. Themes of social protest began to appear in the blues early in the 20th century. To a large degree, the musical features of the blues were inherited from the music of the African peoples: syncopation (dislocation of rhythmic stresses), sliding, unfixed diminution of the modal scale (so-called blues modulations), and improvisation of execution (particularly in instrumental interludes). The form of the blues consists of variations.

The blues were initially performed to banjo accompaniment, and later, to guitars. The song St. Louis Blues (1914) by the Negro professional musician W. Handy began the broad spread of the blues in the Negro sections of cities. A number of the features of the blues were adopted by jazz music of the variety stage (estrada); in jazz music, the blues developed as instrumental dance pieces. The musical form and genre features of the blues have been utilized by many 20th-century composers—for example, G. Gershwin in the USA, M. Ravel in France, and E. Csenec in Austria.



melancholy, bittersweet music born among American Negroes. [Am. Music: Scholes, 113]
References in periodicals archive ?
We are grateful to all the staff including the stewards for volunteering to help on match day and the Sky Blues legends for giving up their free time as well.
Among the special events planned is a major benefit concert bringing together blues legends with contemporary artists whose work has been influenced by the blues.
Fans will be able to see some items from the Everton Collection, the world's largest collection of sports memorabilia, buy exclusive merchandise and catch up with Blues legends like Cliff Marshall, the first black player to sign for the Toffees.
SKY Blues legends will reunite for a friendly match tomorrow.
Honouring the last of the Delta Blues legends, Steven's second and latest album, Mojo Priest, is a soulful collection of sounds, made with some of the legends of the genre, including Hurbert Sumlin who performed with Muddy Waters and Howlin' Wolf.
Helping out are such blues legends as Little Walter, Otis Spann, Walter Horton, Willie Dixon, Waters and others.
Your online votes have whittled 32 Sky Blues legends down to just the final two through our World Cup style-contest.
It was a dream come true to work with these blues legends, many of whom I had played with before the making of this record," says Steven.