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see jazzjazz,
the most significant form of musical expression of African-American culture and arguably the most outstanding contribution the United States has made to the art of music. Origins of Jazz

Jazz developed in the latter part of the 19th cent.
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(English; abbreviation of “blue devils”—despondency, melancholy, sadness), solo lyrical song of American Negroes from the banks of the Mississippi.

The blues have been known since the late 19th century; they usually embody a lament for lost happiness. Themes of social protest began to appear in the blues early in the 20th century. To a large degree, the musical features of the blues were inherited from the music of the African peoples: syncopation (dislocation of rhythmic stresses), sliding, unfixed diminution of the modal scale (so-called blues modulations), and improvisation of execution (particularly in instrumental interludes). The form of the blues consists of variations.

The blues were initially performed to banjo accompaniment, and later, to guitars. The song St. Louis Blues (1914) by the Negro professional musician W. Handy began the broad spread of the blues in the Negro sections of cities. A number of the features of the blues were adopted by jazz music of the variety stage (estrada); in jazz music, the blues developed as instrumental dance pieces. The musical form and genre features of the blues have been utilized by many 20th-century composers—for example, G. Gershwin in the USA, M. Ravel in France, and E. Csenec in Austria.



melancholy, bittersweet music born among American Negroes. [Am. Music: Scholes, 113]
References in periodicals archive ?
Now the Blues man has first to overcome an ankle injury and there remain major doubts over whether he'll get to New Zealand anyway.
Vaughan is hoping to add the former Sky Blues man to boss Bobby Williamson's ranks but is yet to receive a reply from the Coca-Cola Championship club.
Joining Parker Jnr in the festival is another piece of blues history in Louisiana Red, the man who has played with just about every major blues man over the last 50 years and plays with the same intensity whether it is to 10,000 or 100 people.
30pm, Nothing but the Blues will see Sutton-based blues man Paul Cowley in concert.
And Hughes knows as a former Blues man, he will be in for some stick from the visiting fans.
Former Blues man Gill suffered a knee injury at Tranmere on Easter Monday last year and, although his contract was due to expire that summer, Gill was offered a six-month contract to the end of the year to allow him to regain fitness.
The wrinkly blues man handed over six bin-liners of old leathers and denims to a second-hand designer shop in London's Porchester Place.