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see jazzjazz,
the most significant form of musical expression of African-American culture and arguably the most outstanding contribution the United States has made to the art of music. Origins of Jazz

Jazz developed in the latter part of the 19th cent.
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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



(English; abbreviation of “blue devils”—despondency, melancholy, sadness), solo lyrical song of American Negroes from the banks of the Mississippi.

The blues have been known since the late 19th century; they usually embody a lament for lost happiness. Themes of social protest began to appear in the blues early in the 20th century. To a large degree, the musical features of the blues were inherited from the music of the African peoples: syncopation (dislocation of rhythmic stresses), sliding, unfixed diminution of the modal scale (so-called blues modulations), and improvisation of execution (particularly in instrumental interludes). The form of the blues consists of variations.

The blues were initially performed to banjo accompaniment, and later, to guitars. The song St. Louis Blues (1914) by the Negro professional musician W. Handy began the broad spread of the blues in the Negro sections of cities. A number of the features of the blues were adopted by jazz music of the variety stage (estrada); in jazz music, the blues developed as instrumental dance pieces. The musical form and genre features of the blues have been utilized by many 20th-century composers—for example, G. Gershwin in the USA, M. Ravel in France, and E. Csenec in Austria.


The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.


melancholy, bittersweet music born among American Negroes. [Am. Music: Scholes, 113]
Allusions—Cultural, Literary, Biblical, and Historical: A Thematic Dictionary. Copyright 2008 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
You've probably done more to bring back the popularity of blues music than any artist since Stevie Ray Vaughan.
6TH RACE: 1 Blues Music (TT) (Hadi Ebrahim Al Afoo, Mohammed Hassan, Maikol Arras); 2 The Only Boss (B) (Mohammed Juma Mohammed Hassan, Sami Saloom, Saleem Ghoolam); 3 Tafee (B) (Ahsan Ali Syed, Ramzi Al Baqlawa, Kevin Derera); 4 To the Point (Late A Rasool K Darwish Stable, Abdulla Haji, Ali Al Saffar).
Grammy-nominated harmonica player Billy Branch and his band The Sons of Blues, singer Zora Young, Texas blues musician Smokin' Joe Kubek featuring Bnois King, and Cedric Burnside, a two-time winner of Blues Drummer of The Year at the Blues Music Awards in Memphis, Tennessee, are this year's performers in the festival, which is having its second outing this year in ystanbul on Saturday night at the LE-tfi Kyrdar International Convention and Exhibition Center in Harbiye.
Some blues scholars often emphasize that, with the exception of the 1920s blues queens, blues music has been predominantly masculine territory, in terms of its audiences and performers, and masculinity has become almost synonymous with authenticity in the blues.
Author of similar books about country, jazz, and blues music, Dicaire has assembled 50 short biographies of important figures in the development of folk music.
"The music I've really got into is blues music. I think there's so much feeling and passion involved in blues music.
TRABZON, Nov 12, 2009 (TUR) -- Blues music singers performed in north-eastern province of Trabzon Wednesday as part of the 20th Efes Pilsen Blues Festival.
A trib to the Mac's early days, that's what, when it drew heavily on American blues music.
The Jam House, co-created by music maestro, pianist and TV presenter Jools Holland, opened in 1999, since when it has become established as an exciting and unique music venue, and one that makes a great contribution to Birmingham's jazz and rhythm and blues music scene.
Like George, I am interested in how popular music responds to and represents the collective cultural experiences of African Americans, and I am especially interested in the representational qualities of hip hop and blues music in the postmodern moment.
Other plans include a House of Blues Music Hall, restaurant, retail outlet, and poker room.
Blues music fans who enjoy solid writing and insights will relish JOOK RIGHT ON: BLUES STORIES AND BLUES STORYTELLERS, a survey of blues life from oral stories collected by person for thirty years, told in blues musicians' own words.