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derisive term originally applied to certain 18th-century women with pronounced literary interests. During the 1750s, Elizabeth Vesey held evening parties, at which the entertainment consisted of conversation on literary subjects. Eminent men of the day were invited to contribute to these conversations. Hannah MoreMore, Hannah,
1745–1833, English author and social reformer. She was educated, and later taught, at her sisters' school for girls in Bristol. At the age of 22 she became engaged to William Turner, a wealthy squire 20 years older than she; he never married her, but settled
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, Elizabeth MontaguMontagu, Elizabeth (Robinson),
1720–1800, English author, one of the bluestockings. She was noted for her wit and beauty, and her London literary salon was frequented by Johnson, Walpole, Burke, and other eminent men.
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, and Elizabeth CarterCarter, Elizabeth,
1717–1806, English poet and translator. Under the pen name Eliza she contributed for years to the Gentleman's Magazine. One of the group of 18th-century women known as the bluestockings, she was a friend of Johnson, Burke, Reynolds, and Horace
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, among others, continued this tradition. Boswell, in his Life of Dr. Johnson, states that these "bluestocking clubs" were so named because of Benjamin Stillingfleet, who attended in unconventional blue worsted stockings rather than the customary black silk stockings. In time the name bluestocking was applied solely to women of pedantic literary tastes.
References in periodicals archive ?
Alessa Johns's book explores the cultural transfer of "knowledge, methods, people, and goods" (1) between Britain and Germany between 1750-1837 within what she conceptualizes as a wider circle of the Bluestockings to look at specific cultural transfer activities.
During this period, representations, such as the "bluestocking," which illustrated an image of the college women as nurturing, innocent, and pure in the nineteenth century, began to permeate the national culture (Peril 2006, 31).
In fact, the prologue to Sylvia Harcstark Myers' seminal work on the bluestocking circle provides a vignette concerning Jemima, Marchioness Grey--illustrating the contested nature of female intellectual endeavour in this period.
This "bluestocking novelist," one of a limited number of independent women in her era, embarked on a love affair with Scandinavia's most powerful literary critic, Georges Brandes.
What unites these essays and the international cadre of historical women they represent--from the famous (e.g., Louise Brooks, Amelia Earhart, Hannah Hoch) to the less studied (e.g., Japanese Bluestockings, the New Negro Woman, the New Woman in Spain)--is their engagement with visual representation, notably photography and film.
This theme of identity formation through reading is picked up again, in a different way, in Linsey Howie's chapter, "Speaking Subjects: Developing Identities in Women's Reading Communities." Like Schellenberg's Bluestocking readers, the Australian women Howie studied in the mid-1990s developed awareness of both self and other through shared reading, allowing the author to assert that book groups develop "relational ways of being" among their members and support "subjects-in-process" whose shared reading leads to "shifting self-knowledges" (141).
(4) Recent studies of Bluestocking writing and sociability include Elizabeth Eger, Bluestockings: Women of Reason from Enlightenment to Romanticism (Basingstoke, 2009), and Nicole Pohl and Betty A.
It is the stuff of counterfactual comedy: sex-crazed French literary genius-in-the-making meets English bluestocking and future heroine of the Crimea on a romantic cruise up the Nile.
Or, Poets, Publishers, and Bluestockings) by the German poet Annette von Droste-Hulshoff (1797-1848) featured "a fatal bluestocking from the good old days" called "Johanna von Austen." By the same token, it is less perplexing that the tastes and works of this bas bleu were depicted as being out of touch with pre-revolutionary German literary fashions.
Elizabeth Robinson would marry Edward Montagu, grandson to the first Earl of Sandwich, and become the "Queen of the Bluestockings." Through her, Scott was connected to the Bluestocking circle, but she never followed her sister into high society.
The drawing comes from the collection of Christina of Sweden, and is appropriate to that bluestocking Queen who studied metaphysics with Rene Descartes, until her early honrs and the Stockholm winter proved too much for him.
The exhibition participants at the National Portrait Gallery in London in 2008 attempted to portray visually in miniature 35 years of academic scholarship on the Bluestocking Circle.