affect

(redirected from Blunted affect)
Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Medical, Legal, Wikipedia.
Related to Blunted affect: Flat affect

affect

Psychol the emotion associated with an idea or set of ideas

Affect

 

an emotional state that is characterized by a turbulent and relatively short course (rage, anger, horror, and so forth). The manifestation of affect is linked with sharply expressed changes both in the autonomous motor sphere (inhibition or overexcitation and disorder in the coordination of movement) and in the sphere of vegetative reactions (change of pulse and breathing, spasms of the peripheral blood vessels, the appearance of so-called cold sweat, and so forth). Affect can disturb the normal course of the higher psychic processes of perception and thinking and can cause a decrease in consciousness or its loss. Under certain conditions, negative affect can be fixated in the memory in the form of so-called affective complexes. These traces of past affective states can become reactivated in the present under the influence of irritants associated with the situation that caused the affect. Another important peculiarity of affect is that with the repetition of a negative affect which is caused by the same factor or analogous factors, its manifestation can be reinforced (the phenomenon of “accumulation” of affect), sometimes creating the impression of pathological conduct. The presence of strong affective states in a person at the time when he commits an action is regarded by the law as a circumstance that decreases the degree of his responsibility for these actions.

A. N. LEONT’EV

affect

[′af‚ekt]
(psychology)
Conscious awareness of feelings; mood.
References in periodicals archive ?
Table Expert consensus proposed criteria for schizophrenia remission PANSS item Symptom P1 Delusions P2 Conceptual disorganization P3 Hallucinations G9 Unusual thought content G5 Mannerisms and posturing N1 Blunted affect N4 Passive/apathetic social withdrawal N6 Lack of spontaneity and flow of conversation Schizophrenia remission is defined as a score of [greater than or equal to]3 (mild or less) on all 8 core items in the Positive and Negative Syndrome Scale (PANSS) for [greater than or equal to]6 months.
They were identified as such by their high deficit score, which was calculated by subtracting their combined total scores on the widely used Positive and Negative Syndrome Scale (PANSS) for items addressing hostility, guilt, anxiety, and depression, from their combined scores for poverty of speech and blunted affect.
For blunted affect, some anchor definitions refer to inappropriate affect.