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McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.

brain-machine interface

A physical connection between a human brain and an electronic device. Also called a "neural interface," "mind-machine interface" (MMI) and "brain-computer interface" (BCI), the brain-machine interface (BMI) is focused on managing the movement of prosthetic limbs and enabling vision for the blind. The first interfaces were prototyped with animals in the 1990s and later on humans.

Non-Invasive and Invasive
Brain-machine interfaces may be non-invasive, with sensors on the head detecting brainwaves. However, the most precise functionality has been observed with sensors implanted in the brain tissue. The sensor detects the firing rate of a neuron, and the firing pattern can be mapped to the person's thoughts that in turn control specific robotic motions. Implantation is dangerous and controversial, and experts predict wireless, non-invasive systems will win out in the future. See brain-to-brain interface and Neuralink.
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References in periodicals archive ?
He said: "Bmi British Midland International has a long and proud connection with Northern Ireland, serving the city of Belfast for over 26 years.
AIRLINE BMI British Midland is to reduce staff numbers by up to 1,500 as part of a pounds 100million cost-cutting drive, it confirmed yesterday.
It has emerged that Sir Richard Branson's Virgin Atlantic has held takeover talks with UK airline bmi British Midland.
It is a member of the Star Alliance, which in Europe includes Lufthansa of Germany, bmi British Midland and Austrian Airlines...JJ:(EM)
Through its 20% stake in bmi british midland, the Scandinavian airline SAS is also an owner of the new subsidiary, named bmibaby.
Electronic travel information distributor Worldspan has been chosen by both bmi british midland and Virgin Atlantic Airways to issue tickets for customers.
The jobs gloom was worsened when bmi british midland announced that up to 600 staff are to go because of the reduction in air travel since the US terrorist attacks.
THE owner of British Airways is believed to have tabled a proposal to buy airline BMI British Midland - a major user of Heathrow Airport.
When the brand was first unveiled in February 2001, the airline formally became known as 'BMI British Midland' and notably insisted that the final 'I' did not stand for anything.
Bmi can trace its origins to 1949, when founded as Derby Aviation Limited, the airline name British Midland did not start until 1964, becoming bmi British Midland in 2001 and later bmi.
It is understand that some or all of the other five - British Airways, Thompsonfly, Monarch, MyTravel and bmi British Midland - could also be involved in a consortium.
Bmi can trace its origins back to 1938, although the airline named British Midland did not start until 1964, becoming bmi British Midland in 2001 and later just bmi.