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McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.

brain-machine interface

A physical connection between a human brain and an electronic device. Also called a "neural interface," "mind-machine interface" (MMI) and "brain-computer interface" (BCI), the brain-machine interface (BMI) is focused on managing the movement of prosthetic limbs and enabling vision for the blind. The first interfaces were prototyped with animals in the 1990s and later on humans.

Non-Invasive and Invasive
Brain-machine interfaces may be non-invasive, with sensors on the head detecting brainwaves. However, the most precise functionality has been observed with sensors implanted in the brain tissue. The sensor detects the firing rate of a neuron, and the firing pattern can be mapped to the person's thoughts that in turn control specific robotic motions. Implantation is dangerous and controversial, and experts predict wireless, non-invasive systems will win out in the future. See brain-to-brain interface and Neuralink.
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References in periodicals archive ?
bmibaby offer many passenger benefits including allocated seating, free online check in and the opportunity to join bmi Diamond Club - the UK's most generous frequent flyer programme.
As a part of the code sharing agreement, JetPrivilege members will be able to earn and redeem JPMiles on bmi flights; and bmi Diamond Club members will earn and redeem frequent flyer miles on services offered by Jet Airways and Jet Airways Konnect.
They will form the centrepiece of the bmi Diamond Club Ace of Diamonds garden.
"The garden is sponsored by BMI Diamond Club and we are literally incorporating pounds 20m worth of gem stones in the design.