Bobby Fischer

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Fischer, Bobby

(Robert James Fischer) (fĭsh`ər), 1943–2008, American chess player, b. Chicago. In 1958, he became a grandmaster, the youngest to that time. In the Interzonal and Candidates' matches in 1970 and 1971 he won an unprecedented 20 straight games to qualify to challenge Boris SpasskySpassky, Boris,
1937–, Soviet chess champion. A child prodigy, he became an international master at the age of 16 and in 1955, at age 18, he became an international grand master.
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 for the world championship. When he overwhelmed Spassky in 1972, he became the only American world titlist and, according to a consensus of contemporary grandmasters, the strongest chess player in history. From then until 1992, Fischer did not play a single game of chess in public. He forfeited his world title in 1975 after a rules dispute with the International Federation of Chess, and turned down lucrative offers to play again. In 1992 he was indicted after participating in a exhibition match with Spassky in Yugoslavia, against which the United States had an economic boycott. He subsequently lived abroad as a fugitive and was arrested (2004) in Japan for traveling on a revoked passport; he was allowed to leave (2005) for Iceland after it granted him citizenship.

Bibliography

See his My 60 Memorable Games (1972, repr. 2009); biographies by F. Brady (1965 and 2011); D. Edmonds and J. Eldinow, Bobby Fischer Goes to War (2004); G. Kasparov, Garry Kasparov on Fischer (2005).

Fischer, (Robert James) Bobby

(1943–  ) chess player; born in Chicago. Raised in Brooklyn after his parents divorced in 1945, he learned to play chess when he was six and won the U.S. junior and senior titles at age 14. In 1972 he captured the world championship from Boris Spassky in Reykjavik, Iceland, while competing for what was then the largest purse ($250,000) offered in any sport outside boxing. Amid praise for his "classicist" style, the win set off a short-lived U.S. chess boom. A longtime nemesis of tournament officials for his tantrums and phobias, he failed in 1975 to agree to terms for a title defense against Anatoly Karpov and was stripped of his crown by FIDE (Fédération Internationale des Echecs). Afterwards he refused to compete in public, lived in virtual seclusion in the Los Angeles area, and was briefly active in the fundamentalist Worldwide Church of God.
References in periodicals archive ?
Lockheed Martin's Bob Fischer agreed: "The big benefit came when the wings came down from Seattle.
"Jen is the type of person that is willing to help just about anyone in need," said her banker, Bob Fischer. "She sponsors events in whatever way she can, and has an in-depth knowledge of the Goffstown community.
BBC Radio Tees presenter Bob Fischer and friend Andrew Smith presented a show at the Edinburgh Fringe this month celebrating which sit-com that ran from 1973-2010?
The Manchester-based band played at Middlesbrough Town Hall recently and, before the gig, Booth was interviewed on BBC Tees by DJ and Boro fan Bob Fischer.
Byline: GUEST VIEWPOINT By Samuel Metz and Bob Fischer
I had no idea what it was but then, luckily, I saw a Tweet - no, honestly - from BBC Tees' Bob Fischer which mentioned fieldfares.
Bob Fischer of Bandon is a retired professor of sociology at California State University.
As in previous years at Twisterella, BBC Tees new music aficionado Bob Fischer has selected the opening acts for each of the main stages, with Plaza, James Leonard Hewitson, Eve Conway, Ridley Woof and Figmennt getting the nod this year.
In their July 31 guest viewpoint, Bob Fischer and Samuel Mets advocated single-payer health care system.
As Yarm Library reopens its doors, Harry Pearson, author of The Far Corner; Hatters, Railwayman and Knitters author Daniel Gray; and Bob Fischer the writer of Wiffle Lever to Full this Friday will share their experiences and anecdotes and love of the beautiful game, brought together by which fanzine?
Byline: GUEST VIEWPOINT By Bob Fischer and Samuel Metz
Celebrations will include author sessions, a CSI night and a special Three Boro Writers in Yarm event which sees Harry Pearson, Daniel Gray and BBC Tees' Bob Fischer talk everything from Teesside to football to sci-fi.