Bobby Fischer


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Related to Bobby Fischer: Boris Spassky

Fischer, Bobby

(Robert James Fischer) (fĭsh`ər), 1943–2008, American chess player, b. Chicago. In 1958, he became a grandmaster, the youngest to that time. In the Interzonal and Candidates' matches in 1970 and 1971 he won an unprecedented 20 straight games to qualify to challenge Boris SpasskySpassky, Boris,
1937–, Soviet chess champion. A child prodigy, he became an international master at the age of 16 and in 1955, at age 18, he became an international grand master.
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 for the world championship. When he overwhelmed Spassky in 1972, he became the only American world titlist and, according to a consensus of contemporary grandmasters, the strongest chess player in history. From then until 1992, Fischer did not play a single game of chess in public. He forfeited his world title in 1975 after a rules dispute with the International Federation of Chess, and turned down lucrative offers to play again. In 1992 he was indicted after participating in a exhibition match with Spassky in Yugoslavia, against which the United States had an economic boycott. He subsequently lived abroad as a fugitive and was arrested (2004) in Japan for traveling on a revoked passport; he was allowed to leave (2005) for Iceland after it granted him citizenship.

Bibliography

See his My 60 Memorable Games (1972, repr. 2009); biographies by F. Brady (1965 and 2011); D. Edmonds and J. Eldinow, Bobby Fischer Goes to War (2004); G. Kasparov, Garry Kasparov on Fischer (2005).

Fischer, (Robert James) Bobby

(1943–  ) chess player; born in Chicago. Raised in Brooklyn after his parents divorced in 1945, he learned to play chess when he was six and won the U.S. junior and senior titles at age 14. In 1972 he captured the world championship from Boris Spassky in Reykjavik, Iceland, while competing for what was then the largest purse ($250,000) offered in any sport outside boxing. Amid praise for his "classicist" style, the win set off a short-lived U.S. chess boom. A longtime nemesis of tournament officials for his tantrums and phobias, he failed in 1975 to agree to terms for a title defense against Anatoly Karpov and was stripped of his crown by FIDE (Fédération Internationale des Echecs). Afterwards he refused to compete in public, lived in virtual seclusion in the Los Angeles area, and was briefly active in the fundamentalist Worldwide Church of God.
References in periodicals archive ?
Endgame will appeal to those who always wondered what happened to Bobby Fischer, how he frittered away the tremendous goodwill earned by his skill on the chessboard, and author Frank Brady, who knew Fischer since he was a child, is uniquely positioned to tell the story.
Whereas the doctor at Brooklyn Jewish Hospital declared Bobby Fischer healthy, the doctor at Kings County told my mother that Robert should be hospitalized immediately, and that he would probably have to live in a mental hospital for the rest of his life.
If I do, there's probably another Bobby Fischer somewhere who'll get worried emails sent to him about me
Written by British chess Grandmaster John Emms, Starting Out: King's Indian Attack is an in-depth guide for intermediate to advanced chess players to the King's Indian Attack, a favorite chess strategy of the legendary Bobby Fischer, among others including world-class Grandmaster Alexander Morozevich.
He was named champion when Bobby Fischer failed to show up.
chess legend Bobby Fischer, who has been detained by immigration authorities in Japan since last July, to leave for Iceland after the Icelandic parliament passed a bill Monday to grant him citizenship, ministry officials said Tuesday.
Chess player Bobby Fischer, who is wanted by the US for violating sanctions against the former Yugoslavia by playing a chess match there in 1992, has arrived in Iceland.
95), Bobby Fischer Teaches Chess by Bobby Fischer (Bantam: $7.
In mid-August, Japan turned down an asylum request from American-born chess champion Bobby Fischer, who faces extradition to the U.
Unlike the child prodigy in Searching for Bobby Fischer, Hoffman's Rain Man will never grow up or have much fun or learn to love somebody else.
The following conversation between Bobby Fischer and radio host Pablo Mercado was broadcast September 11 on the Philippine radio station Bombo Radyo.
Rather than a reasonably conceivable variant of the traditional chess game, Gabriel Orozco's Horses Running Endlessly, 1995, calls to mind something resembling Mondrian's Broadway Boogie Woogie remade by a hallucinating Bobby Fischer.