Bobby Fischer


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Related to Bobby Fischer: Boris Spassky

Fischer, Bobby

(Robert James Fischer) (fĭsh`ər), 1943–2008, American chess player, b. Chicago. In 1958, he became a grandmaster, the youngest to that time. In the Interzonal and Candidates' matches in 1970 and 1971 he won an unprecedented 20 straight games to qualify to challenge Boris SpasskySpassky, Boris,
1937–, Soviet chess champion. A child prodigy, he became an international master at the age of 16 and in 1955, at age 18, he became an international grand master.
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 for the world championship. When he overwhelmed Spassky in 1972, he became the only American world titlist and, according to a consensus of contemporary grandmasters, the strongest chess player in history. From then until 1992, Fischer did not play a single game of chess in public. He forfeited his world title in 1975 after a rules dispute with the International Federation of Chess, and turned down lucrative offers to play again. In 1992 he was indicted after participating in a exhibition match with Spassky in Yugoslavia, against which the United States had an economic boycott. He subsequently lived abroad as a fugitive and was arrested (2004) in Japan for traveling on a revoked passport; he was allowed to leave (2005) for Iceland after it granted him citizenship.

Bibliography

See his My 60 Memorable Games (1972, repr. 2009); biographies by F. Brady (1965 and 2011); D. Edmonds and J. Eldinow, Bobby Fischer Goes to War (2004); G. Kasparov, Garry Kasparov on Fischer (2005).

The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia™ Copyright © 2013, Columbia University Press. Licensed from Columbia University Press. All rights reserved. www.cc.columbia.edu/cu/cup/

Fischer, (Robert James) Bobby

(1943–  ) chess player; born in Chicago. Raised in Brooklyn after his parents divorced in 1945, he learned to play chess when he was six and won the U.S. junior and senior titles at age 14. In 1972 he captured the world championship from Boris Spassky in Reykjavik, Iceland, while competing for what was then the largest purse ($250,000) offered in any sport outside boxing. Amid praise for his "classicist" style, the win set off a short-lived U.S. chess boom. A longtime nemesis of tournament officials for his tantrums and phobias, he failed in 1975 to agree to terms for a title defense against Anatoly Karpov and was stripped of his crown by FIDE (Fédération Internationale des Echecs). Afterwards he refused to compete in public, lived in virtual seclusion in the Los Angeles area, and was briefly active in the fundamentalist Worldwide Church of God.
The Cambridge Dictionary of American Biography, by John S. Bowman. Copyright © Cambridge University Press 1995. Reproduced with permission.
References in periodicals archive ?
“These handwritten notes from the World Champion and winner of the historic tournament, Bobby Fischer give an insight into one of the most significant speed chess tournaments of the 20th century.
This is a wonderful day, what goes around comes around." (This scene and others will be in Liz Garbus's film Bobby Fischer against the World, which will be shown this summer.)
Whereas the doctor at Brooklyn Jewish Hospital declared Bobby Fischer healthy, the doctor at Kings County told my mother that Robert should be hospitalized immediately, and that he would probably have to live in a mental hospital for the rest of his life.
The FBI investigated Bobby Fischer in 1965 after the Cold War icon and chess champion created controversy at a tournament in Cuba, says the Miami Herald, citing newly disclosed documents.
Josh Waitzkin, eight-time national chess champion, world champion martial artist, and subject of the film Searching for Bobby Fischer, has written a book distilling his experience of the road to mastery.
Summary: Twenty years after I first saw him, tall and gangling and infinitely appealing, I finally sat down, alone, with Bobby Fischer. I wanted to talk about him.
NEW YORK - Bobby Fischer, one of the greatest chess players in the world, has died, a close family friend, Gardar Sverrisson, confirmed Friday, according to the New York Times' online edition.
A LEADING figure in British chess last night paid tribute to former World Champion Bobby Fischer, who died age 64 in hospital in the Icelandic capital of Reykjavik on Thursday night.
Written by British chess Grandmaster John Emms, Starting Out: King's Indian Attack is an in-depth guide for intermediate to advanced chess players to the King's Indian Attack, a favorite chess strategy of the legendary Bobby Fischer, among others including world-class Grandmaster Alexander Morozevich.
Bulgaria to invite chess master Bobby Fischer to competition
Chess player Bobby Fischer, who is wanted by the US for violating sanctions against the former Yugoslavia by playing a chess match there in 1992, has arrived in Iceland.