Bochum


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Bochum

(bō`kho͝om), city (1994 pop. 401,060), North Rhine–Westphalia, W Germany. Mentioned in the 9th cent. and chartered in 1321, it remained a small farming community until the development of nearby coal mines in the mid-19th cent. By the late 19th cent. it was a leading center of the Ruhr iron and steel industry; since the early 1960s its importance in coal and steel production has declined. Bochum today is an industrial and commercial center, a rail and road junction, and a growing vacation spot. Its manufactures include metal products, chemicals, textiles, beer, and tobacco products. It is the seat of Ruhr Univ. (opened 1965) and museums of mining and geology.
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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Bochum

 

a city of the Federal Republic of Germany, in the state of North Rhine-Westphalia, between the Ruhr and Emscher rivers. Population 346,800 (1968). It is an important transport junction and one of the main centers of heavy industry in the Ruhr region to develop in the first half of the 19th century. Bochum has large coal mines and metallurgical works which employed 22,000 workers in 1966. There are also coke-chemical and heavy engineering works. In the 1950’s an electrotechnical and radio engineering industry grew up, and in the 1960’s an automobile industry developed (the Adam Opel AG works, with US capital). Bochum also has light industry and a food industry. A university was founded there in 1965.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.

Bochum

an industrial city in NW Germany, in W North Rhine-Westphalia: university (1965). Pop.: 387 283 (2003 est.)
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
References in periodicals archive ?
Bochum's run of 24 goals scored in 15 games looks unsustainable given that seven have come from outside of the area.
Opel officials confirmed its plans to end vehicle production at the Bochum plant following the end of production of the current Zafira, expected sometime in 2016.
Opel said interim chief executive Thomas Sedran told a closed meeting of Bochum's workforce that management saw no alternative to the move, which will likely add to the hardships of the economically depressed Ruhr region.
Barrios hit the opener after 20 minutes, when Zidan stole the ball from a Bochum defender to flick it to Jakub Blaszczykowski, whose cross was diverted by the Argentine marksman into the net.
The agreement underlines Nokia's and NRW's commitment to the region following the closure of the Bochum facilities, the company said.
In conjunction with the announced plans to close its Bochum site, Nokia is also announcing plans to sell its line fit automotive business and it is in negotiations with Sasken Technologies to sell the Bochum-based adaptation software R&D-entity.
And but for some poor finishing, Bochum would have helped themselves to even more goals.
Both meetings between the pair in the 2017-18 campaign finished 2-1 to Bochum and Hinterseer netted his team's first goal in the corresponding fixture in February.
"There is no decision for Bochum beyond 2014," Stracke said in a 20-minute speech at a closed-door meeting with staff, as workers booed him.
Auto Business News-June 1, 2011--Adam Opel AG signs contract with labour unions at Bochum plant(C)1994-2011 ENPublishing - http://www.enpublishing.co.uk