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Constance, Lake

Constance, Lake, Ger. Bodensee, lake, 208 sq mi (539 sq km), bordering on Switzerland, Germany, and Austria. It is 42 mi (68 km) long and has a maximum depth of 827 ft (252 m). The lake is fed and drained by the Rhine River and divides near the city of Konstanz (Constance) into two arms, Untersee and Überlinger See. The main body of the lake is called the Obersee. Fruit is grown on the lake's fertile shores, and wine making and fishing are major industries. The chief towns and cities of the lake are Konstanz, Friedrichshafen, and Lindau, all in Germany; Bregenz in Austria; and Rorschach in Switzerland. Remains of lake dwellings have been found.
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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



(from Bodman, the name of an old imperial castle), one of the largest lakes in the foothills of the Alps, on the border between the Federal Republic of Germany (FRG), Switzerland, and Austria.

The Bodensee lies at an altitude of 395 m. It has an area of 538 sq km (63 km long and 14 km wide, with a maximum depth of 252 m). To the northwest it branches out into three separate parts (Überlinger See, Untersee, and Zeller See). During the period of the Würm glaciation the lake bed of the Bodensee was subjected to the action of the terminal Rhine Glacier. The shores of the Bodensee are flat or hilly; in the southeast they are high and craggy. The Rhine River flows through the Bodensee, and this lake serves as a natural regulator of the flow of the middle Rhine. The lake’s water is blue-green in color and is clear. It freezes very rarely and mitigates the climate of the surrounding area. Seiches are observed on this lake. It abounds in many valuable species of fish (trout, burbot). There is steamship transportation. The large cities and health resorts in the area are Konstanz, Friedrichshaven, Lindau (FRG), and Bregenz (Austria).

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
DISTANCE: 168 miles for the Bodensee Cycle Path, but the route can easily be broken into shorter chunks.