remains secluded in his cave, the legendary associations as the founder of martial arts, especially the Pure Land Shaolin Buddhists, linger on.
14) "Perhaps the most famous name associated with Shaolin is that of Bodhidharma
or, in Mandarin Damo.
Tea was transported to Japan and India by Buddhist priests and legends in both countries attribute its arrival to Bodhidharma
, the devout Buddhist holy man who founded Zen Buddhism.
, the founder of Chinese Zen, said in the sixth century A.
Although all the historical evidence suggests that blocking, kicking and punching techniques have been around for thousands of years, the birth of Kung Fu as we know it - and with it the birth of the martial arts - was around 520 AD when an Indian monk called Bodhidharma
arrived at the Songshan Shaolin monastery in northern China.
Go beyond language," he says, quoting the teachings of Bodhidharma
on the last page of Candle.
There is the story of Bodhidharma
, the wandering monk who brought the teachings of Buddhism from India to China.
Sorensen also addresses the role of meditation and the figure of Bodhidharma
in the early Chan tradition, before moving to descriptions of the East Mountain school, the disciples of Hongren in the north, and the disciples of Shenxiu.
Like Como, Faure also rejects the hermeneutic of retrieval, writing, "As far as Bodhidharma
is concerned, the biographies that do exist have literary but little or no historical value; Bodhidharma
should be seen as a textual and religious paradigm, not reconstructed as either a historical figure or a psychological essence" (Bernard Faure, Chan Insights and Oversights [Princeton, 1996], p.
Luckily, an Indian Buddhist priest called Bodhidharma
came along, kicked some butt and devised a set of exercises for the monks - which became Kung Fu.
To make sense of Dongshan's answer, in which Bodhidharma
is likened to "a chicken-scaring rhinoceros," we might first consider an environmental perspective, and inquire as to the rhinoceros's range in the mid-ninth century.
The inscription on this stele outlines a specific lineage that held up Bodhidharma