bodhisattva


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bodhisattva

(bō'dĭsät`wə) [Sanskrit,=enlightenment-being], in early BuddhismBuddhism
, religion and philosophy founded in India c.525 B.C. by Siddhartha Gautama, called the Buddha. There are over 300 million Buddhists worldwide. One of the great world religions, it is divided into two main schools: the Theravada or Hinayana in Sri Lanka and SE Asia, and
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 the term used to refer to the Buddha before he attained supreme enlightenment; more generally, any being destined for enlightenment or intent on enlightenment. The spiritual path of the bodhisattva is the central teaching of Mahayana Buddhism. One becomes a bodhisattva by arousing the "mind of enlightenment," taking a vow to attain supreme enlightenment for the sake of all beings. The bodhisattva does not aspire to leave the round of birth-and-death (samsara) before all beings are saved; he is thus distinguished from the arahant of earlier Buddhism, who allegedly seeks nirvananirvana
, in Buddhism, Jainism, and Hinduism, a state of supreme liberation and bliss, contrasted to samsara or bondage in the repeating cycle of death and rebirth.
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 only for himself and who, according to Mahayana teaching, has an inferior spiritual attainment. The practice of a bodhisattva consists of the six "perfections" or paramitas: charity (dana), morality (sila), forbearance (ksanti), diligence (virya), meditation (dhyana), and wisdom (prajna). Both laymen and monks may be regarded as bodhisattvas. In addition, many celestial bodhisattvas are worshiped along with the Gautama Buddha and the buddhas of other worlds. The most important celestial bodhisattvas are Avalokitesvara, the bodhisattva of compassion; Manjusri, the bodhisattva of wisdom, and Maitreya, who in heaven awaits birth as the next buddha. See also sunyatasunyata
[Skt.,=emptiness], one of the main tenets of Mahayana Buddhism, first presented by the Perfection of Wisdom (Prajna-paramita) scriptures (1st cent. B.C. on) and later systematized by the Madhyamika school.
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Bronze statue of Bodhisattva Maitreya. Bodhisattva is a Sanskrit term that translates as: enlightenment (Bodhi) and being (sattva). The Art Archive/ Musée Guimet Paris/Dagli Orti.

Bodhisattva

(religion, spiritualism, and occult)

In Mahayana Buddhism, a Bodhisattva is one who has attained enlightenment, whose Buddha nature has found peace, but who has renounced Nirvana for the sake of helping others in their journey to liberation from suffering.

The Religion Book: Places, Prophets, Saints, and Seers © 2004 Visible Ink Press®. All rights reserved.
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Bodhisattva

 

(Sanskrit, he whose being is illumination), according to the conceptions of the Buddhists, a mentor who guides men along the path of inner perfection, thereby bringing them liberation from earthly sufferings. At the same time, the state of Bodhisattva is a step on the path to the state of supreme illumination and attainment of Nirvana, that is, the state of Buddha.

The veneration of the Bodhisattva arose with the development of Mahayana, northern Buddhism. At the beginning of the Christian era, the title Bodhisattva began to be bestowed even on mortals, for example, on the Indian poet, philosopher, and playwright Asvaghosa (died, according to Chinese sources, in 194 A.D.). The most popular of the Bodhisattvas in Mahayana are Avalokiteshvara, Manjusri, Maitreya, and Vajrapani.

REFERENCE

Dayal, Har. The Bodhisattva Doctrine in Buddhist Sanskrit Literature. London, 1932.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.

Bodhisattva

“the enlightened one” deferring Nirvana to help others. [Buddhism: Parrinder, 48]

Bodhisattva

enlightened one deferring Nirvana to help others. [Buddhism: Parrinder, 48]
Allusions—Cultural, Literary, Biblical, and Historical: A Thematic Dictionary. Copyright 2008 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
In a striking relief on the Kbal Sre Yeay Yin caitya from the Phnom Srok village northwest of Angkor, and now in the Musee Guimet in Paris, the six-armed Bodhisattva has three visible crowned heads with fierce expressions (61) and the crowns support the five Buddhas of the Vajradhatu mandala.
Rather it is just what it insists it is: a practical guide for living a certain way of life, the life of a Buddhist monk or a nun, and perhaps advanced lay practitioners who are striving to become bodhisattvas. There are several points here.
The dispute was so serious that the case was brought before the Bodhisattva. He told the women to each take one of the child's hands in her own and then pull him toward herself.
The Bodhisattva Padmapani or Avalokitesvara according to Dr Luca Maria Oliveri, head of the Italian Archaeological Mission, was originally located in Jahanabad closer to the main Jahanabad Buddha.
Critique: As informed and informative as it is thoughtful and thought-provoking, "The Beautiful Way of Life: A Meditation on Shantideva's Bodhisattva Path" is truly extraordinary and a welcome addition to personal, community, and academic library Buddhist Studies collections and supplemental reading lists.
The texts presuppose the Bodhisattva's gender consistency across the lifetimes of his epochal career.
Carved from white marble, the inscription on the reverse tells of 'The Meditating Crown Prince' identified as the Bodhisattva Maitreya, depicted in characteristically pensive mode.
It was composed in English rather than his native French (though with nary a hint of impediment) and focuses on two pieces of Buddhist art from a private collection, devoid of inscriptions: a Mathuran sandstone bust, partially damaged, and a heavily restored seated Gandharan bodhisattva in the classic pensive pose.
The remaining two artifacts included a 600-pound sculpture of "Vishnu and Parvati" and a Buddhist "Bodhisattva" or enlightened being, stolen from the Gadgach Temple in Rajasthan in 2009, New York Post reported.
"They decided to write a song about this Bodhisattva character who is disrespected, scorned, and yet always returns respect and love because he sees that even the people who are abusing him are going to be Buddhas someday," says Senauke.
the bodhisattva's rejection of, or infinite deferral of,
The main exhibits will include statues of sunlight bodhisattva, moonlight bodhisattva and Fuku Kenjaku Kannon bodhisattva.