Bodo


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Bodø

(bō`dö), city (1995 pop. 39,119), capital of Nordland co., W Norway, at the mouth of the Saltfjord, N of the Arctic Circle. It is a center for coastal shipping, tourism, and fishing and serves as the port of the SulitjelmaSulitjelma
, town, Nordland co., E Norway, at the foot of the Sulitjelma Mts., near the Swedish border. It has been a mining and smelting center since the end of the 19th cent.; much copper and zinc is shipped to Bodø for export.
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 copper and pyrite mines. The city was heavily damaged in World War II. Of note is a modern cathedral (1956). Nearby is Bodin Church, a medieval stone structure.

Bodo

 

(in Russian, Bara-Bodo), a group of peoples in northeastern India (primarily in Assam). The population was approximately 1.5 million according to a 1967 estimate. The Bodo languages make up a special subgroup in the Burmese group of the Tibeto-Burman branch of the Sino-Tibetan language family. The largest subdivisions of the Bodo include the Garo, Kachari, and Dimasa. Their occupations are hunting and farming. The Bodo are one of the oldest Tibeto-Burman groups to have penetrated the territory of India. Apparently, they had already populated Assam in the second millennium B. C. Between the 13th and 15th centuries A. D., Bodo groups established in Assam and in northern Bengal a number of early class-based state formations which carried on a fierce struggle with the Ahom (Burmese Shan) invaders. Bodo social structure preserved elements of matriarchal tribal relationships. In religion, Bodos are animists and partially Hindus.

REFERENCES

Narody luzhnoi Azii. Moscow, 1963.
Endle, S. The Kacháris. London, 1911.
Playfair, A. The Garos. London, 1909.

S. A. ARUTIUNOV


Bodo

 

(sometimes called Garo), the most numerous of the Bara-Bodo group of peoples. Population, approximately 300,000 (1967 estimate). They live in the Garo Hills in the state of Assam, India. The Bodo language belongs to the Tibeto-Burman branch of the Sino-Tibetan family. The Bodo religion centers on the worship of the sacred stones that guard the entrance to the village. The Bodo peoples have preserved many vestiges of family-tribal organization, including survivals of matriarchal relations, especially in the inheritance of family property and in the use of land. The chief occupation is slash-and-burn farming (rice, corn), which accounts for the periodic resettlement patterns of the Bodo peoples.

REFERENCE

Narody Iuzhnoi Azii. Moscow, 1963.
References in periodicals archive ?
He told the jury how Mr Bodo was at Kozee Sleep for three-and-a-half years where he worked a minimum of 60 hours a week or he had to do extra work somewhere else.
In a charge sheet filed by the National Investigation Agency ( NIA) probing the massacre of Muslims by the outfit last year in Assam, the agency has slammed terror charges against four Bodos working with the forest department in Assam for allegedly being part of the killings of 36 Muslims, including infants and the old.
The Hamar Tribe, from left, |Hacho, Muko, Kerri Suma, Arrada, Kerri Bodo, Gele, Ayke Muko, Berkee, Ilko, Rebo and Zubo
But he's adamant that if Johansen hadn't changed his ways as a kid in Bodo he probably wouldn't have made the grade.
This is the second incident of large-scale violence in lower Assam this year, after the communal riot between Bodos and Bengali-speaking Muslims in May, which left several people dead.
On Tuesday evening, Bodo militants, who are opposed to peace talks with the Indian government, killed over 80 people, mostly tribals, in five attacks across the state within an hour.
State police said the latest outbreak of violence seems to have been sparked by these local rivalries, with Bodo tribesmen attacking Muslim settlers as punishment for not supporting their parliamentary candidate in the election.
We are delighted to be entering this new market with a high-profile project that is economically vital to Iraq," said Bodo.
The headquarters of Bodoland Territorial Council (BTC), Kokrajahar, has witnessed thousands from the Bodo tribe blocking the railway tracks.
The heart of the problem in Kokrajhar is the ancient rivalry between the ancient Bodo tribes settled for ages on the northern banks of eastern Brahmaputra and the relatively recent arrival of Bengali-speaking (Muslims and Hindus) immigrants.
ASEC, a subsidiary of Cairo-based Citadel Capital, controls plants in Egypt, Algeria, Sudan, Syria, Iraq's semi-autonomous Kurdistan and Ethiopia with an annual combined cement production of nearly 4 million tons, Giorgio Bodo said.
Bangladesh-born Bibi Russell and the UN Development Programme (UNDP) have been helping Bodo women blend traditional weaving techniques with high fashion design, production and marketing.