Body Image

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Body Image


the reflection of one’s own body in one’s consciousness, including the outline, dimensions, and boundaries of the body and the relative position of its parts as well as clothing, footwear, habitual articles and tools, prostheses, and the like. A body image is continuously being developed and altered in the course of one’s life.

The concept of body image is used in the study of various mental disturbances—such as depersonalization, impaired perception of right and left, nonrecognition of the parts of one’s body or the sense of their being spatially estranged, the phenomenon of phantom limbs, and the fantasy of a “double”—for purposes of topical diagnosis (for example, of a lesion in the right parietal region) as well as to solve practical problems in prosthetics. In aviation and aerospace psychology the concept of body image is applied to problems of spatial orientation (as in the system man-spacecraft-surrounding space, for example, or illusions regarding spatial location).


Meerovich, R. I. Rasstroistva “skhemy tela” pri psikhkheskikh zabolevaniiakh. Leningrad, 1948.
Giliarovskii, V. A. “Chto takoe ’skhema tela’ v svete dannykh nashikh fiziologov.” Vestnik Akademii meditsinskikh nauk SSSR, 1958, no. 10.
Gorbov, F. D. “Problemy kosmicheskoi psikhofiziologii.” In the collection Chelovek vyshel v kosmicheskoe prostranstvo. Moscow, 1966.


References in periodicals archive ?
The other half attended 30 weekly group sessions where issues such as exercise, emotional eating, improving body image and the recognition of, and how to overcome, personal barriers to weight loss and lapses from the diet were discussed.
The union will discuss the issue of body image among pupils at its annual conference in Liverpool next week.
With the backing of the French Minister of Health, a number of organizations representing fashion houses, advertising firms, and media outlets signed a charter of good conduct in regard to the future use of top model body images to stave off concerns of promoting anorexia among young girls.
In addition, they called for a review of broadcast and editorial guidelines on reporting body image issues and the possibility of amending the Equality Act to include appearance-based discrimination.
It may be more useful to focus on psychological variables related to etiology and maintenance of body image disturbance.
The BMMQ factors were found to have significant correlations with age, body image, Black History Knowledge, racial identity and racial/ethnic (R/E) socialization.
A large number of studies have evaluated the relation between body image and chronic disorders such as cancer and AIDS (7).
Women are motivated by these fitness and beauty magazines to try to attain these supposedly perfect bodies, and may even get a short-term body image boost when they start dieting.
Two important theoretical frameworks related to the impact of media images on viewers' perceptions of their body image are social learning and cultivation perspectives (Gerbner, Gross, Morgan, Signorielli, & Shanahan, 2002; Signorielli, Gerbner, & Morgan, 1995).
But, in a world populated by size-zero celebrities and skinny lattes, these bizarre items are apparently part of popular diets -- all in the name of body image.
After the introduction presented in Chapter 1, in Chapter 2 Sherman and Thompson examine whether sport participation is a risk or a protective factor, how athletic body image and eating disorders vary by gender, and whether factors such as "presentation," "weight class," or "endurance performance" affect body image or eating disorders in athletes differently.
Hypnotic Alteration of Body Image in the Eating Disordered.