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The sense of position and movement of the limbs and the sense of muscular tension. The awareness of the orientation of the body in space and the direction, extent, and rate of movement of the limbs depend in part upon information derived from sensory receptors in the joints, tendons, and muscles. Information from these receptors, called proprioceptors, is normally integrated with that arising from vestibular receptors (which signal gravitational acceleration and changes in velocity of movements of the head), as well as from visual, auditory, and tactile receptors. Sensory information from certain proprioceptors, particularly those in muscles and tendons, need not reach consciousness, but can be used by the motor system as feedback to guide postural adjustments and control of well-practiced or semiautomatic movements such as those involved in walking.

Receptors for proprioception are the endings of peripheral nerve fibers within the capsule or ligaments of the joints or within muscle. These endings are associated with specialized end organs such as Pacinian corpuscles, Ruffini's cylinders, and Golgi organs (the latter resembling histologic Golgi structures in the skin), and muscle spindles. See Cutaneous sensation, Sensation, Somesthesis


The reception of internal stimuli.
Sensory awareness of one's location with regard to the external environment.
References in periodicals archive ?
For example, if a young tenor is unable to access his upper register in a particular piece of repertoire the teacher may ask the tenor, "What do you think you should adjust in your singing process to facilitate access to your upper register?" Together, teacher and tenor can structure their pursuit of the upper register within the framework for singing, beginning with body alignment and working outward to performance/emotion.
On the contrary, the distribution of body alignments during locomotor activities (walking, wading, feeding) was random.
Its lightweight custom back support incorporates body alignment, pressure distribution, and directional forces for comfortable postural control.
Seating should conform to the individual's size, including overall height, torso and limb lengths, and be appropriate for the instrument being played; this will encourage efficient posture and body alignment.
Designed to alleviate chronic pain, the Egoscue Method offers a series of movements to support proper body alignment. The Egoscue Pain Free Workout offers a general guided home practice.
Misdiagnosis leading to body alignment disturbance led to an Accident Compensation Corporation directive not to do any repetitive heavy lifting.
Body alignment and symmetry was obtained in all four subjects, being statistically significant (p<0.05) between the right and the left acromion (0.022742) and the right and left antero-superior iliac spine (0.033388); and not statistically significant between the lower ribs (0.484382).
Avoid wearing high-heeled shoes, which can shift your body alignment and cause pain in your back, legs and even your upper body.
Pilates is similar to yoga because they both target flexibility, body alignment (posture), and overall strength.
Improper body alignment in demiplie, a technical dance movement that prepares the dancer to push off and land from jumps, and sautes, a series of two-footed jumps, puts the dancer at considerable risk of injury due to exaggerated anterior pelvic tilt (forward rotation in the sagittal plane) and insufficient external hip rotation, resulting in knee and ankle instability.
Based on the original matwork and publications of Joseph Pilates, the opening chapters explain the six key principles of Pilates; the anatomical aspects of spine, core, and body alignment; and muscles and movement analysis in relation to matwork.
You also need the ability to motivate individuals and groups, plus a commitment to giving the time needed to improve clients' posture and body alignment.