body

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Related to Body mass: lean body mass, Ideal Weight

body

1. the entire physical structure of an animal or human being
2. the trunk or torso, not including the limbs, head, or tail
3. Maths a three-dimensional region with an interior
4. Physics an object or substance that has three dimensions, a mass, and is distinguishable from surrounding objects
5. the sound box of a guitar, violin, or similar stringed instrument
6. (in watercolour painting) a white filler mixed with pigments to make them opaque

body

the physical form of the individual human being, which, however, is equally a social product, given that human biological capacities are in many areas underdetermined by biology and profoundly shaped by cultural definitions and social influences.

Although not always fully explicit, numerous topic areas in sociology (e.g. the SOCIOLOGY OF HEALTH AND MEDICINE, or the positionings of the body in face-to-face interaction as studied by GOFFMAN) raise central questions about the body, and the basic characteristics of the body (e.g. its vulnerability and finitude, and constraints on its mobility in time and space) possess crucial social implications. Examples of the latter are that every human society must preserve the basic material conditions for the health and welfare and reproduction of human bodies. The vulnerability of the body also means that the threat of VIOLENCE is a decisive factor in both the maintenance and the limitation of political POWER.

Recently the sociological study of the body (see also SOCIOLOGY OF THE BODY) has become a more central point of focus in the discipline, as seen from the attention given to the work of FOUCAULT or ELIAS on historical changes in the regulation of the body, and the study of the body as a medium of communication (see also BODY LANGUAGE) through gestures, posture, cosmetics and clothing. Feminist theory in particular has drawn attention to the stereotypical use of female bodies, and parts of bodies, in ADVERTISING and pornography, and also to the differences between the masculine and feminine body ideals in Western culture (see also FOOD. ANOREXIA NERVOSA).

In classical PHILOSOPHY, a central issue has been the mind-body relation (see DESCARTES, DUALISM), which finds echoes in many modern sociological debates (e.g. conceptions of FREE WILL). However, as MERLEAU-PONTY, among others, points out, any action always involves ‘bodily being’, so an outright dualism of mind and body is not appropriate. Finally (whatever plausibility may exist for modern conceptions of a DECENTRED SELF), as the physical site of the ‘person’, the boundaries and continuity of the individual body are significant in any identification, identity and continuities of the social SELF, although far from being their only basis.

In recent decades, attention to the constitution of the body has been particularly intense, influenced by FEMINISM as well as FOUCAULT (see Featherstone and Turner, 1996, in the founding issue of the journal Body & Society). See also POST-FEMINISM, BUTLER.

What does it mean when you dream about a body?

Dreams that somehow emphasize the physical body may represent something about one’s state of health. Because our personal identities are so tied up with the body, the body can also appear as a more general symbol of the self (e.g., a naked body may indicate that we feel exposed). Dead bodies are an entirely different matter. (See also Death).

body

[′bäd·ē]
(aerospace engineering)
The main part or main central portion of an airplane, airship, rocket, or the like; a fuselage or hull.
Any fabrication, structure, or other material form, especially one aerodynamically or ballistically designed; for example, an airfoil is a body designed to produce an aerodynamic reaction.
(geography)
A separate entity or mass of water, such as an ocean or a lake.
(geology)
An ore body, or pocket of mineral deposit.
(materials)
The consistency or viscosity of fluid materials, such as lubricating oils, paints, and cosmetics.
(mechanical engineering)
The part of a drill which runs from the outer corners of the cutting lips to the shank or neck.

body

The principal volume of a building, such as the nave of a church.

Body

(dreams)
Dreaming about your body generally suggests that you are dreaming about your personal identity. Who we are is wrapped around what we look like. Our self-esteem and self-worth are too frequently dependent on our physical appearance. This dream may be pointing out some of the difficulties or pleasures in daily life that are the result of self-identity and based on attachment to our physical bodies. The body in general is the symbol of self, and the details in the dream will lead you to further interpretation. Additionally, if you are dreaming of a specific body region, or part, consider your health status.
References in periodicals archive ?
The commission commends the parties in this matter for working collaboratively to reach a settlement that is beneficial to all women who find themselves in need of breast reduction surgery who have in the past been denied the service because their body mass index was too high in accordance with policy.
The World Health Organisation (WHO) defines weight status according to body mass index (BMI), the ratio of weight (in kilograms) divided by height (in meters square).12
Exercise builds lean body mass, so get plenty of it.
'We should be cautious when interpreting aerobic fitness measures that are proportioned to total body mass in order to correctly identify children who truly need health and lifestyle intervention,' Agbaje noted.
Body mass was measured every week, all animals were sacrificed between 0900 and 1100 hours by decapitation after 28 day, determination of body composition.
A study conducted in Charite University hospital concluded that pregnancy outcome was worst in babies from mothers with low body mass index as compared to normal weight mothers with respect to increase incidence of preterm birth.
Present study was conducted to evaluate the relationship between body mass index and dental caries in students of Baqai Dental College, Karachi.
euring that period the small eaubenton's bats, Myotis daubentonii, can loose more than one-third of body mass (Harrje 1999) from the peak recorded in September and October when bats store fat reserves (Krulin & Sealander 1972, Polskey & Sealander 1979) to the minimum observed in April due to their consumption (Jonasson & Willis 2011).
One, measurements of maternal body mass and birth mass of neonates were recorded on the day of birth.
Scaling coefficients were calculated using ordinary least squares (OLS) regression for all pairs of variables except shell length versus body mass, foot length versus shell length, foot length versus body mass, and foot length versus foot width.
The objectives of this study were to investigate the association of body mass index with different dimensions of self-perception and body image and self-esteem among female students of first and second year at the University of Tuzla.