Budi Utomo

(redirected from Boedi Oetomo)
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Budi Utomo

 

(High Endeavor), the first national Indonesian organization, formed in Java on May 20, 1908. It was created chiefly by students and had branches in many cities of Java.

In 1909, Budi Utomo had about 10,000 members. Its first congress (the “Young Java” Congress) took place in Jogjakarta in October 1908. The activity of the organization was most noticeably developed in the field of Indonesian culture.

In 1917, Budi Utomo became a political organization, and a demand for the creation of a national democratic government was included in its program. During the reactionary period that followed the insurrection of 1926-27, the activity of Budi Utomo almost ceased. In 1935 it merged with a number of other parties and organizations to form the Party of Great Indonesia. The day that Budi Utomo was first organized is celebrated in the Republic of Indonesia as the Day of National Awakening.

REFERENCES

Gnevusheva, E. I. “Budi Utomo.” Sovetskoe vostokovedenie, 1958, no. 5.
Belen’kii, A. B. Natsional’noe probuzhdenie Indonezii. Moscow, 1965.
Ki Hadjar Dewantara. Dari kebangunan nasional … Jakarta, 1952.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Boedi Oetomo, the Javanese nationalist organisation known to have amicable relations with the government, argued against such concessions, citing the risk of the Chinese and Arabs demanding the same right should the Indo-Europeans' request be approved.
In fact, Indonesia's first national organization, the Boedi Oetomo, was a Javanese aristocratic organization.
If we consider people like Raden Adjeng Kartini or the Boedi Oetomo students as the first nationalist icons to appear on the colonial landscape, it is striking that both aimed at the cultural rejuvenation of the Javanese nation through European modernity.
His father, Noto Diredjo was one of the founders of Boedi Oetomo. Born in 1888, after finishing high school (HBS) in 1906 he was sent to the Netherlands to study law.
(25) The magazine Bale Warti Wanito Oetorno, which was affiliated with Boedi Oetomo, reflects in its articles and advertisements the efforts of Javanese upper-middle-class women to be loyal 'soul mates' of their husbands, responsible mothers of their children with an emphasis on the need to provide a balanced upbringing, and as active agents in the shaping of modern households.
Indonesian women had become manifest in the Poetri Mardika (Daughters of Independence) organization, founded in 1912 with the assistance of the first nationalist party, Boedi Oetomo. However, this and other Indonesian women's organizations that followed in the 1910s were generally apolitical and more interested in social questions such as education, polygamy and welfare than in political debates and the vote.(35)