Boehner, John Andrew

Boehner, John Andrew

(bā`nər), 1949–, American congressman, Speaker of the U.S. House of Representatives (2011–15), b. Cincinnati. A business executive and a Republican member (1985–90) of the Ohio house of representatives, he first won election to the U.S. House of Representatives in 1990, and became an ally of Newt GingrichGingrich, Newt
(Newton Leroy Gingrich) , 1943–, U.S. congressman, Speaker of the U.S. House of Representatives (1995–98), b. Harrisburg, Pa., as Newton Leroy McPherson.
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. House Republican Conference chairman from 1995 to 1999, he also chaired (2001–6) the House committee on education and the workforce. Boehner subsequently served as House majority leader (2006–7), succeeding Tom DeLayDeLay, Tom
(Thomas Dale DeLay), 1947–, American politician, b. Laredo, Tex., grad. Univ. of Houston (B.S., 1970). A conservative Republican businessman, he entered politics (1979) as a Texas state legislator, serving until 1984, when he was first elected to the U.S.
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, and as House minority leader (2007–11). After the Republicans won control of the House in the 2010 elections, he became House speaker, but divisions in his caucus between more moderate conservatives and those who wanted a stronger antigovernment approach and greater confrontation with the ObamaObama, Barack
(Barack Hussein Obama 2d), , 1961–, 44th president of the United States (2009–17), b. Honolulu, grad. Columbia (B.A. 1983), Harvard Law School (J.D. 1991).
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 administration undermined his leadership and ultimately led him (2015) to resign as speaker and retire from the House. He subsequently became a consultant with a Washington law firm.
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