Boeotia(redirected from Boeotian League)
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(Voiótía), a province in central Greece. The first states on the territory of Boeotia arose during the Mycenaean period, between 3000 and 2000 B.C. In the eighth and seventh centuries B.C. a process of social stratification took place and the landowning elite acquired the leading position in economic and political life. They supported the Persians in the Greco-Persian wars of 500–449 B.C. and fought on Sparta’s side against Athens in the Peloponnesian War of 431–404 B.C. In the fourth century B.C., the democratic movement in Boeotia gained strength, and what was in effect a federal Boeotian state was formed (based on the ancient alliance of Boeotian cities) headed by the Thebans; for a short period (379–362 B.C.), with the leaders of the Theban democracy Pelopidas and Epaminondas, this state became the most powerful political force in Greece. However the bloody wars with Sparta from 378 to 362 B.C. weakened Boeotia so much that after 362 B.C the league of Boeotian towns lost its former importance. In 338 B.C the
Boeotian League was dissolved. It was reestablished from the third to the second century B.C. and finally dissolved in 146 B.C During the Roman period (second century B.C. to fourth century A.D.) the cities of Boeotia fell into decline. In present-day Greece the former Boeotian territory is a prefecture (nomos) bearing that name; its center is Levadhia.
REFERENCESLur’e, S. Ia. Beotiiskii Soiuz. St. Petersburg, 1914.
Busolt, G., and H. Swoboda. Griechische Staatskunde, 3rd ed., fasc. 2. Munich, 1926.
Guillon, P. La Béotie antique. Paris .
E. D. FROLOV