Sparta's principal allies--the Boeotians
, the Corinthians, the Megarians, and the Eleans--refused to go along with the treaty (5.17 and 5.21), partly because it allowed Sparta and Athens to revise its terms without consulting them.
He ordered, however, that the sacrifice of the deer be performed by his seer instead of the one appointed to the task by the Boeotians
. The angry Boiotarchs forbade him to sacrifice against Boiotian laws and customs, and their emissaries threw down the offering.
400 BC) implied that such stony soils distinguished the character and history of Athenians with their democratic and philosophical ideals, from Boeotians
At Plataea, the Greek allies of Persia who were pitted against the Athenians included the Boeotians
, Locrians, Thessalians, Phocians, and the Macedonians.
However, at that time theory was in bad repute in biology, and I was afraid of what Gauss, the mathematician, called the "clamor of the Boeotians
When the Boeotians
complained about the desecration of Delion to the Athenians, they cited the Athenian misuse of sacred water, which should have been left untouched except when used for ritual sprinkling before a sacrifice.
Another example is Hanson's picture of the Boeotians
attacking the central-Greek city of Plataea with a "pressurized concoction of sulfur, coal, and pitch" sent through a hollowed-out beam; 200 defenders were incinerated.
182A-C) tells us that the Boeotians
(Pindar's native people) and the Eleans (the sponsors of the Olympics) were completely unashamed in their conduct of man/boy love, whereas the Athenians and Spartans were exceptions to the norm in their ambivalence.
This controversy was heightened in Plato's lifetime, when, in the aftermath of a decisive defeat of Sparta by the Boeotians
at Leuktra in 371, the larger portion of them, the Messenians, finally achieved their collective freedom and established themselves as free Greek citizens of the restored (as they saw it) free city of Messene.
(11.) The army is composed not so much of Greeks as of Thessalians, Boeotians
, Megarians, Arcadians, Achaians, Lacedaemonians, and Athenians; as such, it is a miniature image of Hellas in its rivalries and jealousies (Delebecquc 1947, 47-8).