Boer

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Boer

(bo͝or, bôr) [Du.,=farmer], inhabitant of South Africa of Dutch or French Huguenot descent. Boers are also known as Afrikaners. They first settled (1652) near the Cape of Good Hope in what was formerly Cape ProvinceCape Province,
former province, S South Africa. Under the South African constitution of 1994 it was divided into Eastern Cape, Western Cape, Northern Cape, and part of a fourth province, North West.
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. After Great Britain annexed (1806) this territory, many of the Boers departed (1835–40) on the Great TrekTrek, Great
, the journey by Afrikaner farmers (Boers) who left the Cape Colony to escape British domination and eventually founded Natal, Transvaal, and the Orange Free State. Trek is an Afrikaans term, originally meaning a journey by ox wagon.
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 and created republics in Natal (see KwaZulu-NatalKwaZulu-Natal
, province (2011 pop. 10,267,300), 36,433 sq mi (94,361 sq km), E South Africa, on the Indian Ocean. Formerly Natal province, in the post-apartheid constitution of 1994 it was renamed KwaZulu-Natal.
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), the Orange Free State (see Free StateFree State,
formerly Orange Free State, province (2011 pop. 2,745,590), 50,126 sq mi (129,825 sq km), E central South Africa. It was renamed Free State shortly after the 1994 post-apartheid constitution went into effect.
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), and the TransvaalTransvaal
, former province, NE South Africa. With the new constitution of 1994, it was divided into Eastern Transvaal (now Mpumalanga), Northern Transvaal (now Limpopo), Pretoria-Witwatersrand-Veereeniging (now Gauteng), and part of North West prov.
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. Hostility between the Boers and the British resulted in the South African WarSouth African War
or Boer War,
1899–1902, war of the South African Republic (Transvaal) and the Orange Free State against Great Britain. Background
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 (1899–1902), after which the Boer territories were annexed and the Union of South Africa formed. There has been some tension between South Africans of British descent and the Boers. South Africa withdrew (1961) from the Commonwealth of Nations and became a republic, an event that was strongly supported by Afrikaner nationalists. AfrikaansAfrikaans
, member of the West Germanic group of the Germanic subfamily of the Indo-European family of languages (see Germanic languages). Although its classification is still disputed, it is generally considered an independent language rather than a dialect or variant of Dutch
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, derived from Dutch, is an official language of the republic, along with English and several indigenous African languages. Boer politicians were largely responsible for the inauguration of the policy of apartheidapartheid
[Afrik.,=apartness], system of racial segregation peculiar to the Republic of South Africa, the legal basis of which was largely repealed in 1991–92. History
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, which was applied to the nonwhite population of South Africa for most of the latter half of the 20th cent.

Bibliography

See S. Patterson, The Last Trek (1957); J. Fisher, The Afrikaners (1969).

The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia™ Copyright © 2013, Columbia University Press. Licensed from Columbia University Press. All rights reserved. www.cc.columbia.edu/cu/cup/

Boer

a. a descendant of any of the Dutch or Huguenot colonists who settled in South Africa, mainly in Cape Colony, the Orange Free State, and the Transvaal
b. (as modifier): a Boer farm
www.wikipedia.org/wiki/Boer_War
www.nationmaster.com/encyclopedia/Boer-War
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
References in periodicals archive ?
This way everything can be serene and feel in place, or everything can feel completely displaced," said Menezes and Boere.
They said a court-appointed expert's report had determined that the wheelchair-bound Boere was fit to serve his sentence and officials had identified a "suitable" facility.
by Ben Boere, Project Manager, FlowTex Egypt and Roy Estes, Chief Engineer, Transcontinental Supplies Inc.
Boere, who is on the Simon Wiesenthal Center s list of most wanted war crime suspects, had confessed to killing the three civilians when he was a member of an SS squad targeting anti-Nazi resistance, but argued that he was following orders.
During his trial, Boere admitted killing three civilians in 1944 as a member of a unit of Dutch SS volunteers responsible for reprisal killings of their countrymen.
But the prosecution argued that Boere was a willing member of the SS which he joined soon after the Nazis invaded Holland in 1940.
A spokesman for the court in the western city of Aachen confirmed on Tuesday the verdict against Heinrich Boere for the three killings, which were carried out in the Netherlands in 1944.
"Ja, ek is die eienaar van hierdie plaas," se Rachel Cinana trots, nadat ons haar vertel het dat ons onderhoude voer met boere in ver afgelee gebiede wat nie telefonies bereik kan word nie.
She quotes Valmont Layne, a guest curator at the KKNK, as saying that the festival should rid itself of its 'boere image' and that it should emphasise its national character by attracting a wider spectrum of Afrikaans speakers as audiences, artists, sponsors, etc.