Bogazköy Archive

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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Boğazköy Archive


an archive found in the city of Boğazköy (in central Anatolia, Turkey), located on the site of the former capital of the Hittite state, the city of Hattushash. It contains over 15,000 clay cuneiform tablets, mostly written in the Hittite language; some texts with historical and political contents are in Akkadian, and fragments of ritual texts are in other ancient languages of Asia Minor (Luvian, Palá, Hattic, Hurrian). The Boğazköy archive includes the royal annals, chronicles, decrees, treaties, lists of rulers, diplomatic correspondence, deeds, codes of laws, court records, mythological and religious texts, astrological predictions, Sumero-Akkado-Hittite dictionaries, works on horse breeding, and other writings. The overwhelming majority of texts found in the Boğazköy archive belong to the New Hittite period (14th and 13th centuries B.C), and only a small number of them (including the early version of the laws) go back to the 17th and 16th centuries B.C.

The Boğazkoy archive was discovered and partially excavated by H. Winckler from 1906 to 1912; the studies are continuing.


Laroche, E. “La bibliothéque de Hattuša.” Archiv Orientálni, vol. 17, no. 2. Prague, 1949. Pages 7–23.
Otten, H. “Bibliotheken im Alten Orient.” Das Altertum, 1955, vol. 1.


The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
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I thank Gernot Wilhelm, Sylvan Kosak, and Jared Miller of the Akademie der Wissenschaften und der Literature, Mainz, for permission to use the Bogazkoy archive. Thanks are also extended to Gianni Marchesi, Norbert Oettinger, Eleanor Robson, Itamar Singer, and Jon Taylor for their many helpful comments and suggestions.