Bogdan Filov

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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Filov, Bogdan


Born Mar. 28, 1883, in Stara Zagora; died Feb. 1, 1945, in Sofia. Bulgarian political figure. Academician of the Bulgarian Academy of Sciences (1929); president of the academy from 1937 to 1944.

Filov was minister of education from 1938 to 1940 and head of the government from 1940 to 1943. On Mar. 1, 1941, he signed the Vienna Agreement, under which Bulgaria joined the Berlin Pact of 1940; on the very same day, German troops invaded Bulgaria. In September 1943, Filov became a member of the regency council. After the government of the Fatherland Front came to power on Sept. 9, 1944, Filov was arrested. Tried by a people’s court of Bulgaria, he was found guilty of involving the country in World War II on the side opposing the Allied powers and was executed.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Despite the pro-Nazi policies of the government of Bogdan Filov and the genocide held in Europe, Bulgaria gives an example of successful resistance to the attempts to exterminate Jews.
Yet, in Bulgaria, the pro-German prime minister Bogdan Filov, assisted by a notorious anti-Semite Petar Gabrovski, as Minister of Internal Security (both appointed by King Boris) admired the Nazi policy.
March 1 Bulgarian Prime Minister Bogdan Filov signs the Tripartite Pact in Vienna, aligning his country with the Axis powers.
Even though the news website does not mention details about the document in question, it is most probably the letter dated March 17, 1943, signed by the Peshev, then Deputy Speaker of the General Assembly, as well as 43 Members of the Parliament, which was sent to Prime Minister, Bogdan Filov, stating opposition to plans to deport the Bulgarian Jews.
The government, absolutely illegitimate, from the constitutional point of view, issued orders to relieve from their duties the regents, professor Bogdan Filov, Prince Kiril and general Nikola Mihov.
Among the documents presented to the Auschwitz Museum is a copy of the letter dated March 17, 1943, signed by the Deputy Speaker of the then General Assembly, Dimitar Peshev, and 43 Members of the Parliament sent to Prime Minister, Bogdan Filov, stating opposition to plans to deport the Bulgarian Jews.
A decision taken by Sofia municipal council on May 21 to name one of the capital city's streets after a prominent Bulgarian scholar and politician from the 1940s, Bogdan Filov, caused a harsh reaction from the Israeli embassy in Sofia, which expressed its deepest astonishment, saying that the move "puts a stain on the image of the Bulgarian capital and its rulers".