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Bohemian glass[bō′hem·ē·ən ¦glas]
an art industry that developed in Bohemia in the 14th and 15th centuries. Bohemian glass became widely known in the second half of the 17th century, with the introduction of Bohemian crystal, thick-walled transparent vessels whose high calcium content made possible the cutting of deep facets.
From the 18th century to the early 20th century, Bohemian glass followed the main stylistic trends in European art. Modern Bohemian glass, while preserving the traditional methods of faceting and engraving, is noted for its integrated use of expressive artistic forms and its subtle light and color effects.
Masters of Bohemian glass production include Z. Seidl, J. Brichta, L. Smrčková, J. Soukup, and L. Metelák.
REFERENCESSovremennoe cheshskoe steklo. (Catalog.) Kiev, 1973.
Böhmische Glasgravüren. Text by Z. Pešatová. [Prague, 1968.]